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Useful Tropical Plants

Prumnopitys montana

(Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) de Laub.

Podocarpaceae

+ Synonyms

Dacrydium distichum D.Don

Nageia montana (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Kuntze

Podocarpus montanus (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Lodd. ex Britton

Podocarpus taxifolius Kunth

Stachycarpus meridensis (Buchholz & N.E.Gray) Gaussen

Stachycarpus montana (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Gaussen

Stachycarpus taxifolia (Kunth) Tiegh.

Taxus montana Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.

Common Name: Diablo Fuerte

Prumnopitys montana

General Information

Podocarpus montanus is a very slow-growing, evergreen tree that can grow up to 30 metres tall with a semi-round,
not very dense crown[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
,
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. The bole is up to 30cm in diameter[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].
An economically important species because the wood is considered to be valuable for a range of uses. It is commonly harvested from the wild for local use and trade
Although this timber tree species has a relatively broad distribution in tropical South America it has been under much pressure from logging during the last 50 - 60 years. There is evidence that many of the formerly quite extensive stands have now either disappeared or been considerably reduced; this is certainly the case in Colombia and Peru. It is estimated that there has been at least 30% global loss within the last three generations (here a generation length of 25-30 years seems to be reasonable for tropical member of the Podocarpaceae) due to logging and agroforestry. A continuing decline is highly likely but very difficult to quantify. The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela.

Habitat

Montane forests; at elevations from 1,500 - 3,600 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsWind
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of moderate to high regions in the tropics, where it is found at elevations from 1,900 - 3,000 metres[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
]. It grows best in areas with an average annual temperature of 8 - 16°c and an annual precipitation of 600 - 3,000 mm[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
]. It can tolerate short frosts with occasional temperatures falling to between -1°c and +4.4°c[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely valuable website, providing a vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
,
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].
The tree adapts to poor soils with good drainage, acid pH, and loose clayey texture[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The wood is used for veneer, furniture, lath, posts, wood shaving boards, and in cabinet-making[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
]. It is also used as pulp for paper and in pencils[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
]
including house construction, the handles of agricultural tools, general carpentry, floors and cabinet making. Its yellow sapwood and reddish heartwood make it attractive for turning[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Propagation

Seed - germination takes place in about 3 months with 45 - 60% germinating[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
]. Because the seeds are relatively large, they can be planted in bags. The planting hole should be 2 cm deep and separated from other holes by 20 cm. The seeds are covered with fine, well packed soil, watered abundantly, and shaded during the first 6 months[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].
The cones are collected from the tree or the ground. Old cones or seeds are not collected because the seeds are frequently attacked by a borer on the ground. Seeds are stored at 3 - 4°c[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].

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