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Useful Tropical Plants

Prosopis flexuosa

DC.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Acacia flexuosa Lag.

Prosopis fruticosa Meyen

Prosopis juliflora arborea Hauman

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Prosopis flexuosa is a deciduous, spiny tree with a hemispherical crown, though sometimes only an erect, polypoidal shrub; it usually grows 3 - 10 metres tall[
491
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 57
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1976
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical magazine, this issue has a comprehensive treatment of the genus Prosopis as well as several other articles. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]
As in several similar species, this is an important local tree for providing shade, timber, firewood and food in semidesert conditions[
491
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 57
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1976
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical magazine, this issue has a comprehensive treatment of the genus Prosopis as well as several other articles. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The wood is sold in local markets for fuel and in the form of charcoal[
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

491
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 57
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1976
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical magazine, this issue has a comprehensive treatment of the genus Prosopis as well as several other articles. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

S. America - central Argentinia to northern Chile and southern Bolivia

Habitat

Lowland forest and gallery forest[
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height6.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Prosopis flexuosa is native from the temperate, arid and semi-arid regions of central Argentina north to moderate elevations in the tropics of southern Bolivia. It can be found in desert areas of Argentina where the mean annual rainfall is as low as 50 - 100mm and becomes less common there where rainfall exceeds 500mm[
491
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 57
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1976
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical magazine, this issue has a comprehensive treatment of the genus Prosopis as well as several other articles. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The temperature in these desert regions can rise as high as 48°c in the summer, whilst occasional falls as low as -12°c have been experienced in the winter[
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]
Species in this genus generaly require a sunny position in a well-drained soil[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit[
491
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 57
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1976
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical magazine, this issue has a comprehensive treatment of the genus Prosopis as well as several other articles. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The flesh inside the seedpod is sometimes scanty, but it is pulpy with a sweet flavour[
491
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 57
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1976
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical magazine, this issue has a comprehensive treatment of the genus Prosopis as well as several other articles. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The pods can be eaten boiled or dried and then ground into a powder and used in making other foods and beverages[
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The seedpod is 5 - 28cm long and 7 - 12mm wide[
491
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 57
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1976
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical magazine, this issue has a comprehensive treatment of the genus Prosopis as well as several other articles. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

A gum extracted from the seeds can be used as a thickener in foods[
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Medicinal

The ground and fermented seeds are used to make an astringent and diuretic drink[
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

An infusion of the leaves is used as an anticatarrhal and as a wash for the eyes[
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Agroforestry Uses:

This species is a typical 'Monte' tree, of much importance in the formation of open-desert forests along temporary rivers[
491
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 57
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1976
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical magazine, this issue has a comprehensive treatment of the genus Prosopis as well as several other articles. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

The bark contains tannins[
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Tannins from the bark can be used as a dyestuff[
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The wood is very durable and is locally important for providing material for a wide range of commodities. Among the desert communities it is the main timber used in the framework of houses and other constructions, it is used to make furniture, household implements, tools etc and is widely used to make posts for fencing[
491
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 57
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1976
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical magazine, this issue has a comprehensive treatment of the genus Prosopis as well as several other articles. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The wood is much used for fuel and makes an excellent charcoal[
491
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 57
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1976
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical magazine, this issue has a comprehensive treatment of the genus Prosopis as well as several other articles. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
1559
Title
Prosopis flexuosa DC. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae)
Publication
Kurtziana Tomo 35 (1): 49-63. 2009
Author
Alvarez J.A. & Villagra P.E.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have ripened and dried the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-10-21. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Prosopis+flexuosa>

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