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Useful Tropical Plants

Poitea gracilis

(Griseb.) Lavin

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Bembicidium cubense Rydb.

Corynella gracilis Griseb.

Fagara gracilis Griseb.

Notodon cayensis Britton & Wilson

Notodon gracilis (Griseb.) Urb.

Notodon roigii Britton & Wilson

Notodon savannanum Britton & Wilson

Zanthoxylum gracile (Griseb.) C.Wright ex Sauvalle

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Poitea gracilis is a deciduous, woody plant that has two main forms; it can be a small, intricately-branched shrub, or it can ber a small tree with a single, erect, spindly stem; it can grow from 40 - 230cm tall[
1549
Title
Biogeography and Systematics of Poitea (Leguminosae); Inferences from Morphological and Molecular Data
Publication
Syst. Bot. Monogr. 37:45. pp 1-87, 1993
Author
Lavin M.
Publisher
 
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Shrubby forms often have thorny lateral branches, the plant branches so freely that it bcomes a tightly woven, impenetrable mass. Tree forms are usually few-branched[
1549
Title
Biogeography and Systematics of Poitea (Leguminosae); Inferences from Morphological and Molecular Data
Publication
Syst. Bot. Monogr. 37:45. pp 1-87, 1993
Author
Lavin M.
Publisher
 
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
When large enough, the plant is harvested from the wild for local use of its wood. It has potential for use in reforestation and soil stabilization projects and also has a very attractive floral display with dense clusters of flower, making it worthy of being grown as an ornamental[
1549
Title
Biogeography and Systematics of Poitea (Leguminosae); Inferences from Morphological and Molecular Data
Publication
Syst. Bot. Monogr. 37:45. pp 1-87, 1993
Author
Lavin M.
Publisher
 
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1549
Title
Biogeography and Systematics of Poitea (Leguminosae); Inferences from Morphological and Molecular Data
Publication
Syst. Bot. Monogr. 37:45. pp 1-87, 1993
Author
Lavin M.
Publisher
 
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Caribbean - Cuba

Habitat

Savannah, often as scttered individuals, growing on rocky, limestone or serpentine soils; at elevations up to 700 metres[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
,
1549
Title
Biogeography and Systematics of Poitea (Leguminosae); Inferences from Morphological and Molecular Data
Publication
Syst. Bot. Monogr. 37:45. pp 1-87, 1993
Author
Lavin M.
Publisher
 
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Shrub
Height2.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Poitea gracilis is a plant of the seasonally dry tropics.

The plant can be coppiced - it spreads at the roots and regenerates by suckers[
1549
Title
Biogeography and Systematics of Poitea (Leguminosae); Inferences from Morphological and Molecular Data
Publication
Syst. Bot. Monogr. 37:45. pp 1-87, 1993
Author
Lavin M.
Publisher
 
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
 
]..

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant sends up suckers and can easily inhabit unstable soils on steep slopes. This mkes it of potential value in revegetation and reforestation projects[
1549
Title
Biogeography and Systematics of Poitea (Leguminosae); Inferences from Morphological and Molecular Data
Publication
Syst. Bot. Monogr. 37:45. pp 1-87, 1993
Author
Lavin M.
Publisher
 
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is a rich olive brown with streaks. It is hard, heavy and easy to work. It is suitable for small turnery items

Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have ripened and dried the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-03-01. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Poitea+gracilis>

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