Plumbago parviflora Hemsl.
Plumbago parvifolia Hemsl.
Photograph by: Stickpen
Plumbago aphylla is a slender shrub, producing erect or ascending, few-branched stems up to 1 metre long from a taproot. The stems often form roots at the nodes[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is sold at the medicinal herb market of Antananarivo, Madagascar[
Africa - Islands off Tanzania, Madagascar; Seychelles.
Found mainly on the coast on coral rock and is probably dependent on bird guano there. It also occurs on volcanic soil[
A decoction of the whole plant is taken to treat diarrhoea and infections of the mouth, and is applied as an eyewash in cases of cataracts[
A decoction of the aerial parts of the plant is used for a massage in cases of dislocation[
A root decoction is taken as an analgesic and antispasmodic[
The active ingredient is a naphthoquinone, probably plumbagin[
The aerial parts tested positive for alkaloids and saponins[
An extract of the aerial parts was active against cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni[
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