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Useful Tropical Plants

Platymiscium parviflorum

Benth.

Fabaceae


There is some confusion over the identity of this species. We are following the treatment in 'Ptatymiscium (Leguminosae: Dalbergieae): Biogeography Systematics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Uses.'[
904
Title
Ptatymiscium (Leguminosae: Dalbergieae): Biogeography Systematics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Uses.
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 60 No. 3 pp.321 - 400
Author
Kitgaard B.B.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A revision of the genus Platymiscium.
], which treats Platymiscium parviflorum as the correct name. However, 'Timber Trees of Meso America'[
381
Title
Timber Trees of Meso America.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/forest/timber/workshops/reports/MA2005/Annex%202.pdf
Publisher
UNEP
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF document, published on the internet. Detailed reports on about 30 species of timber trees from Central America.
], accepts Platymiscium pleiostachyum as valid, listing Platymiscium parviflorum (without author) as a synonym. However, the most recent (2012) information from the International Legume Database (ILDIS) is that both names are valid species[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Platymiscium pleiostachyum Donn.Sm.

Common Name:

Platymiscium parviflorum
Inflorescence
Photograph by: O. M. Montiel
Creative Commons License

General Information

Platymiscium pleiostachyum is a tree with a spreading crown; it usually grows around 15 metres tall, though specimens up to 25 metres have been recorded. The bole can be 25 - 100cm in diameter and there are often small, rounded buttresses at the base of larger trees[
381
Title
Timber Trees of Meso America.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/forest/timber/workshops/reports/MA2005/Annex%202.pdf
Publisher
UNEP
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF document, published on the internet. Detailed reports on about 30 species of timber trees from Central America.
,
904
Title
Ptatymiscium (Leguminosae: Dalbergieae): Biogeography Systematics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Uses.
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 60 No. 3 pp.321 - 400
Author
Kitgaard B.B.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A revision of the genus Platymiscium.
].
The tree is widely harvested from the wild for its attractive timber, which is traded locally[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. A very ornamental tree, producing a prolific display of sweetly-scented yellow or orange flowers for about 3 months of the year[
381
Title
Timber Trees of Meso America.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/forest/timber/workshops/reports/MA2005/Annex%202.pdf
Publisher
UNEP
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF document, published on the internet. Detailed reports on about 30 species of timber trees from Central America.
].
The species is scarce, individuals often show signs of genetic degradation and regeneration is largely absent. The plant is classified as 'Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

904
Title
Ptatymiscium (Leguminosae: Dalbergieae): Biogeography Systematics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Uses.
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 60 No. 3 pp.321 - 400
Author
Kitgaard B.B.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A revision of the genus Platymiscium.

Range

C. America - Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala.

Habitat

Remnant dry forests and woodlands on flat ground, including disturbed or secondary forest[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. Scattered in dry deciduous forests, on dry hillsides, from sea level to around 900 metres[
381
Title
Timber Trees of Meso America.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/forest/timber/workshops/reports/MA2005/Annex%202.pdf
Publisher
UNEP
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF document, published on the internet. Detailed reports on about 30 species of timber trees from Central America.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusEndangered
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height15.00 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A slow-growing tree[
381
Title
Timber Trees of Meso America.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/forest/timber/workshops/reports/MA2005/Annex%202.pdf
Publisher
UNEP
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF document, published on the internet. Detailed reports on about 30 species of timber trees from Central America.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The tree is often left to provide shade in coffee plantations when the forest is cleared for agriculture[
381
Title
Timber Trees of Meso America.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/forest/timber/workshops/reports/MA2005/Annex%202.pdf
Publisher
UNEP
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF document, published on the internet. Detailed reports on about 30 species of timber trees from Central America.
].
The sweetly-scented flowers are very attractive to bees[
904
Title
Ptatymiscium (Leguminosae: Dalbergieae): Biogeography Systematics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Uses.
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 60 No. 3 pp.321 - 400
Author
Kitgaard B.B.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A revision of the genus Platymiscium.
].

Other Uses

The light-coloured wood is hard[
381
Title
Timber Trees of Meso America.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/forest/timber/workshops/reports/MA2005/Annex%202.pdf
Publisher
UNEP
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF document, published on the internet. Detailed reports on about 30 species of timber trees from Central America.
]. An attractive wood, it is used in house construction and to make furniture and musical instruments, including drums, marimbas and xylophones[
381
Title
Timber Trees of Meso America.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/forest/timber/workshops/reports/MA2005/Annex%202.pdf
Publisher
UNEP
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF document, published on the internet. Detailed reports on about 30 species of timber trees from Central America.
,
904
Title
Ptatymiscium (Leguminosae: Dalbergieae): Biogeography Systematics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Uses.
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 60 No. 3 pp.321 - 400
Author
Kitgaard B.B.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A revision of the genus Platymiscium.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Platymiscium+parviflorum>

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