Pirottantha modesta Speg.
Plathymenia foliolosa Benth.
Plathymenia modesta (Speg.) Burkart
Looking up the trunk into the canopy
Photograph by: Tarciso Leão
Plathymenia reticulata is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 38 metres tall with a bole up to 90cm in diameter[
]. The bole is straight and cylindrical, unbuttressed and clear of branches for up to 24 metres[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber, which is highly valued in Brazil and often sold in markets[
]. A very ornamental tree, it is often used in street planting and can be used in reforestation projects[
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Surinam.
Characteristic of open growth areas in the savannah and where the transition to semideciduous forests occurs[
]. It is usually found in well-drained, sandy soils, in both primary and secondary growth areas[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Prefers a sunny position, succeeding in poor soils[
]. Prefers a well-drained soil[
Young plants can be slow to establish and develop[
A pioneer species that succeeds in poor soils, it can be used in reforestation projects[
An aqueous extract of the seeds produced 82% mortality in third stage mosquito larvae of Aedes aegypti[
The heartwood is yellow or orange brown, darkening on exposure to deep red-brown and often striped with lighter and darker shades[
]. It is well-demarcated from the narrow, yellowish-white sapwood[
]. The grain is straight or interlocked; the texture medium to slightly coarse; the odour and taste are not distinct[
]. The wood is light; soft to moderately hard and virtually resistant to termite attack[
]. It seasons readily without serious degrade; works easily with both hand and machine tools; is somewhat difficult to saw but good planed surfaces can be obtained. It finishes very smoothly and polishes well after filling. It takes and holds nails and screws well[
]. The wood is used for cabinet making, furniture, general carpentry, indoor finishing in buildings, decorative veneer etc[
Seed - fresh seed, sown immediately, does not require pre-treatment, although scarification might increase germination rates[
]. Sow in semi-shade in a nursery bed, covering the seed with a thin layer of soil[
]. Germination rates are normally low, with less than 20% germinating in 10 - 30 days[
]. Seedlings grow away slowly, but are ready to plant out after 8 - 10 months[
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