A highly polymorphic species, which accounts for the large number of synonyms[
Pittosporum antunesii Engl.
Pittosporum commutatum Putt.
Pittosporum dalzielii Hutch.
Pittosporum feddeanum Pax
Pittosporum floribundum Wight & Arn.
Pittosporum kapiriense Cufod.
Pittosporum kruegeri Engl.
Pittosporum lynesii Cufod.
Pittosporum malosanum Baker
Pittosporum mannii Hook.f.
Pittosporum quartinianum Cufod.
Pittosporum rhodesicum Cufod.
Pittosporum ripicolum J.LÃ©onard
Pittosporum sinense Desf.
Pittosporum spathicalyx De Wild.
Pittosporum ustulatum Cufod.
Pittosporum vosseleri Engl.
Common Name: Cape Pittosporum
Pittosporum viridiflorum is an evergreen plant, varying widely in size from a shrub about 4 metres tall to a large forest tree up to 30 metres tall, with a bole up to 50cm[
The tree has local medicinal uses, yields a dye and a useful wood. It is sometimes grown as a hedge. With its sweetly fragrant flowers and shiny, orange-red seeds, it is often grown as an ornamental plant in gardens[
Tropical Africa, mainly in the east from S. Africa to Ethiopia, but also in the west; Yemen and India.
Drier types of forest and evergreen bushland; rain-forest; farmland derived from these vegetation types; bamboo forest; degraded Juniperus procera forest; riverine and swamp forest, humid woodland; sometimes rocky outcrops; 650 - 2,600 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Plants can tolerate some frost[
Succeeds in full sun or semi-shade[
]. Prefers a well-drained, reasonably moist soil, though it can tolerate some drought[
The plant has escaped from cultivation and become established in areas outside its native range - it has the potential to become a weed[
The stem bark, which has a bitter taste and strong resinous or liquorice smell, is used medicinally[
]. Decoctions or infusions are widely used to treat stomach complaints, abdominal pain and fever[
]. The roasted bark of young trees is used in the treatment of dysentery[
]. It is said to ease pain and have a calming effect[
The dried, powdered root or bark is sometimes added to beer as an aphrodisiac[
The bark is used as a medicine for anaemia and for preventing abortion in young women[
The plant can be pruned and grown as a hedge[
The bark yields a red dye[
The root fibre is used in basketry[
The soft, white wood is little used, but has been utilized for kitchen furniture and shelving[
]. It is used for tool handles, spoons and clogs[
The wood is used as a fuel[
Seed - easily grown from seed[
]. Unparasitized seed has a germination percentage of 80 - 90%. Sow seeds in trays in a mixture of river sand and compost; cover lightly with fine compost and keep moist[
]. Seeds should germinate in 8 - 12 weeks and the fast growing seedlings should be bagged up when they have two leaves[
Softwood or semi-hardwood cuttings[
]. Transplants easily[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.