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Useful Tropical Plants

Pithecellobium hymenaeifolium

(Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Benth.

Fabaceae


There are various different spellings of both the generic and the specific names. The generic name has been spelt Pithecollobium and Pithecolobium, whilst the specific name has been spelt hymenaeaefolium[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Inga hymenaeifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.

Mimosa hymenaeifolia (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Poir.

Pithecellobium hondurense Britton & Rose

Pithecellobium panamense Walp. & Duchass.

Common Name:

Pithecellobium hymenaeifolium
Flowering branches
Photograph by: A. Gentry
Creative Commons License
Pithecellobium hymenaeifolium Pithecellobium hymenaeifolium

General Information

Pithecellobium hymenaeifolium is a shrub or small tree, sometimes adopting a more scandent habit. It grows from 2 - 7 metres tall.
A gum is obtained from the stems and the wood is sometimes used locally.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

315
Title
Flora of Barro Colorado Island
Publication
 
Author
Croat. Thomas B.
Website
http://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/bioinformatics/croat/home
Publisher
Stanford University Press
Year
1978
ISBN
0-8047-0950-5
Description
A very good flora of an area in Panama. Written some years ago, so some of the names have been changed. The book is out of print, but the whole flora is now available on the web.

Range

Northern S. America - Colombia, Venezuela, Central America - Panama, Belize, Guatemala to Mexico.

Habitat

Low elevations in moist to dry forests[
315
Title
Flora of Barro Colorado Island
Publication
 
Author
Croat. Thomas B.
Website
http://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/bioinformatics/croat/home
Publisher
Stanford University Press
Year
1978
ISBN
0-8047-0950-5
Description
A very good flora of an area in Panama. Written some years ago, so some of the names have been changed. The book is out of print, but the whole flora is now available on the web.
,
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height4.00 m
PollinatorsBees, Butterflies, Insects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

A gum, known as 'Goma de Orore' is obtained from the plant[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

The wood is used for fence posts and fuel[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-12-01. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Pithecellobium+hymenaeifolium>

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