We have included Piper chaba here as a synonym of this species, as per the treatment in Flora of China[
]. However, it is treated as a distinct species by some authorities.
Chavica officinarum Miq.
Piper chaba Hunter
Piper officinarum (Miq.) C.DC.
Common Name: Javanese Long Pepper
Javanese long pepper is an evergreen climbing shrub producing stems 2 - 4 metres tall.
The plant is gathered from the wild for mainly local use as a condiment and medicinal herb. The plant is cultivated in parts of India[
E. Asia - southern China, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Indo-China.
Thickets at low elevations[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Seeds - used as a spice[
]. Used for green peppercorn spice[
]. Used as a seasoning in curries, preserves and pickles[
]. More pungent than Piper nigrum, but also sweeter.
The root is chewed (and the saliva swallowed), or a decoction of the root is drunk as a treatment for colic, dyspepsia and gastralgia[
A handful of leaves are salted and oiled, then heated over the embers of a fire and stroked over the entire body, from head to foot, for treating postpartum fevers and chills[
The dried mature unripe fruits are antidiarrhoeal, aromatic, carminative, oxytocic, stimulant and stomachic[
]. They are used in the treatment of coughs and colds, and in haemorrhoidal affections[
In a study on the effects of nine medicinal plants upon mosquito larvae, the aqueous extracts of the roots of this plant showed the highest level of activity against mosquito larvae[
All seven phenolic compounds isolated from this plant have been shown to possess significant antioxidant activities[
The wood and root are the source of a dye - it is pale brown if used alone on cotton, but mixed with bakam
(Caesalpinia sappan), it gives a brownish-red[
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