Cubeba canina (Blume) Miq.
Cubeba lanata Miq.
Peperomia lanata A.Dietr.
Piper banksii Miq.
Piper kietanum C.DC.
Piper caninum is an evergreen, slender-stemmed, vigorous climbing plant. The stems are capable of reaching up into the forest canopy but, where the light is sufficient, can also be found at ground level as a mass of branching foliage against a tree or scrambling over the ground to make a dense ground cover[
The plant is harvested from the wild as a food and a medicine for local use. It is sometimes cultivated as a condiment, and could also be used as a ground cover[
Southeast Asia - ?Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines to New Guinea, northern Australia, Solomon Islands
Mixed forest and in village thickets, very common in Java, at low elevations[
]. Lowland and upland rain forest; at elevations to 1,100 metres in Australia[
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Easily grown in sun or some shade so long as the soil is moist[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
The Besisi people in Malaysia use the fruit as a favourite flavouring[
]. The fruits ripen a few at a time, turning to dark red, and are around 5 - 6mm in diameter[
The fruits are used as an adulterant for cubebs, but they are smaller and smell of anise[
The leaves are chewed as a masticatory[
]. They are a substitute for betel (Piper betle).
The leaves are chewed to treat hoarseness[
The leaves are used to wash the mother after giving birth[
The antibacterial compound, bornyl coumarate has been isolated from the plant[
The plant is often found in the wild forming a dense mat of growth in light forest shade[
], and could also be used as a ground cover in a forest garden[
New roots are formed quickly from stem nodes, making stem cuttings easy and reliable[
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