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Useful Tropical Plants

Piper angustifolium

Lam.

Piperaceae


This species is included in Piper adunca by some authorities, but we have followed the treatment by the Missouri Botanical Gardens who hold it to be distinct[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Artanthe angustifolia (Lam.) Miq.

Steffensia angustifolia (Lam.) Kunth

Common Name: Matico

Piper angustifolium
Flowering stems
Photograph by: Ahmad Fuad Morad
Creative Commons License
Piper angustifolium Piper angustifolium Piper angustifolium

General Information

Matico is an evergreen shrub growing around 3 metres tall.
The plant was used by the local peoples as a wound healing herb and urinary antiseptic before the Europeans came to S. America[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
]. The Europeans adopted its use and it has become an official drug in some of the Pharmacopoeias of S. America where it is harvested from the wild and also commonly cultivated[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

S. America - Bolivia and Peru.

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height3.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Matico leaves contain an essential oil (which includes camphor, borneol and azulene), tannins, mucilage and resins[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
]. It is an aromatic stimulant, diuretic and astringent herb[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
].
The leaves are used internally in the treatment of gastric and intestinal problems, including peptic ulcers, diarrhoea and dysentery[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
]. It is commonly used in S. America to treat internal bleeding, especially in the digestive tract in cases such as rectal bleeding and haemorrhoids[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
]. It is also used in cases of bleeding in the urinary tract[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
].
Applied externally as a decoction, it is a valuable remedy for minor wounds, insect stings and inflamed skin[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
]. It is also used as a mouthwash and douche[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
].
The leaves can be harvested as required through the year[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -

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