Elate sylvestris L.
Elate versicolor Salisb.
Common Name: Wild Date Plum
Wild date palm is a very tall, fast-growing, unbranched, single-stemmed palm with recurving, plumose, glaucous fronds, growing 4 - 15 metres tall[
]. Typically, the plant has a swollen base, and retains the leaf bases on the trunk[
The plant is sometimes of considerable local economic importance, particularly as a source of sugar[
]. An ornamental plant, it is often grown in gardens and along the sides of roads[
E. Asia - Himalayas from western India to Nepal and Myanmar.
Open forest and grassland[
]. Commonly found on low ground in the sub-Himalayan tract, along river banks and on stretches of low ground. It can be found in open tropical rainforest, open forest and grassland[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
A plant of the drier to moist tropics and subtropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,500 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 25 - 35°c, but can tolerate 20 - 40°c[
]. When dormant, the plant can survive temperatures down to about -9°c, but young growth can be severely damaged at -1°c[
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 400 - 700mm, but tolerates 250 - 1,000mm[
Requires an open sunny position[
]. Plants grow well in full sun, even when small[
]. Requires a well-drained soil[
]. It can grow in a wide range of soil types but prefers sandy well drained but moist soils[
]. It will not survive in wet or badly drained soils[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 7.5, tolerating 5 - 8[
]. Plants can tolerate at least some maritime exposure with salt spray and somewhat saline soil conditions[
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
A fast-growing plant[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.
Fruit. A sweet flavour[
]. Sometimes eaten[
]. Of a very inferior character[
Sap - it can be concentrated into a syrup or fermented into alcohol[
]. One of the main sources of sugar in Bengal[
]. The sap is obtained from the unopened inflorescence[
]. The tip of this is cut off and the sap then flows from this cut. The flow can be up to 5 litres a day for several months, it contains about 14% sugar[
]. See also [
The fruit is good in heart complaints, abdominal complaints, fevers, vomiting and loss of consciousness[
The fruit pounded and mixed with almonds, quince seeds, pistachio nuts and sugar, form a restorative remedy[
The juice obtained from the tree is considered to be a cooling beverage[
The roots are used to stop toothache[
The central tender part of the plant is used in the treatment of gonorrhoea[
The leaves are used for making bags and mats[
The stems are used in making local houses[
Seed - probably best sown as soon as it is ripe in containers, otherwise sow the seed as soon as you obtain it. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 3 months.
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