Phoenix farinifera Roxb.
Phoenix zeylanica Trimen
Zelonops pusilla (Gaertn.) Raf.
Phoenix pusilla is an evergreen, solitary-stemmed palm tree with a short, unbranched stem up to 3 metres tall that is thickly clothed with old leaf sheaths[
]. The leaves are up to 2 metres long[
An edible starch is obtained from the stems in times of food shortage. The leaves are used locally for making baskets, mats etc.
E. Asia - southern India, Sri Lanka.
Sandy tracts by the coast in southern India[
]. Forests in the drier regions of Sri Lanka[
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A plant of the drier, lowland tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 700 metres. Plants can tolerate some frost[
Requires a sunny position in a well-drained soil[
]. Tolerant of some salt in the soil[
A dioecious species - both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.
An edible starch is obtained from the trunk[
]. It is used in times of scarcity[
Fruit - raw[
]. Fleshy, sweet and mealy, with a flavour like chestnuts(Castanea spp.)[
]. The purple-black fruit is up to 12mm long[
The leaves are woven into ornamental baskets, sleeping mats and pouches[
The split petioles are used for making baskets[
Seed - pre-soak for 24 hours prior to sowing[
]. The seed germinates best at a temperature of 21 - 27°c[
Division of offsets[
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