Cephalophilon capitatum (Buch.-Ham. Ex D.Don) Tzvelev
Polygonum capitatum Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
Persicaria capitata is an evergreen perennial plant forming a clump of creeping, much-branched stems that become more or less woody at the base. The stems often form roots at leaf nodes, producing a dense mat of growth about 15cm high[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine - it has proved very effective in treating urinary tract infections and is widely used in China. It is often cultivated as an ornamental.
E. Asia - southern China, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia.
Mountain slopes, shaded places in valleys; at elevations from 600 - 3,500 metres[
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Plants can often be found growing in very inhospitable places and poor soils such as cracks in the pavement, rocks etc[
The plant is often cultivated as an ornamental and sometimes escapes from cultivation. It is considered invasive in Hawaii[
The plant is used medicinally[
Aqueous or ethanolic extracts of the plant possess antibacterial, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, hypothermia, diuretic, and anti-oxidative activities[
]. The plant has been widely used, with considerable therapeutic efficacy, in the treatment of various urologic disorders including urinary calculus and urinary tract infections[
A number of drugs based on this plant (e.g., Relinqing Granule and Milin Capsule) have been approved by the Chinese State Food and Drug Administration[
Chemical investigations have shown the presence of triterpenoids, steroids, fatty acid esters, flavonoids, gallic acid and its analogues, as well as other phenolic compounds[
The plant makes a dense mat of growth and is an excellent ground cover[
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