Passiflora tripartita mollissima
Murucuja mollissima Spreng.
Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L.H.Bailey.
Tacsonia mollissima Kunth
Common Name: Banana Passionfruit
Banana passionfruit is an evergreen, climbing shrub producing stems up to 5 metres long. These stems scramble over the ground or clamber into the surrounding vegetation, supporting themselves by means of coiling tendrils[
The plant is widely cultivated in many areas of the world for its edible fruit[
] and is also commonly grown as an ornamental[
Western S. America - Andes.
Found at elevations between 2,000 - 3,200 metres[
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Prefers a cooler, less humid atmosphere than most other members of the genus, growing well at moderate elevations, generally above 1,000 metres in the tropics, and at lower elevations in the subtropics and warm temperate zones[
]. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 15 - 18°c, but can tolerate 8 - 30°c[
]. When dormant, the plant can survive temperatures down to about -5°c, but young growth can be severely damaged at -2°c[
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,300 - 1,700mm, but tolerates 700 - 2,300mm[
Requires a humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil and a position in dappled shade where it can grow up towards the sun[
]. Passiflora species tend to flower and fruit more freely when grown in soils of only moderate fertility[
]. Prefers a circumneutral soil, disliking very acid or very alkaline conditions[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 6 - 7, tolerating 4.3 - 8[
Plants have escaped from cultivation in several areas of the world[
], and the plant has been declared a noxious weed in America. Many of these reports refer to the related, but more vigorous Passiflora tarminiana[
The plant starts fruiting after about 2 years from seed[
Well managed plants can produce 300 - 400 fruits per year, equivalent to 30 - 47 tonnes per hectare[
Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can be cut back to ground level if required to rejuvenate the plant[
]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
Fruit - eaten raw or used in ice creams, fruit salads, pies, jellies, to make drinks etc[
]. The yellow, oblong, aromatic fruits are highly prized for their juice[
]. The fruit is about 70mm long and 35mm wide[
The fruits of this species are a pale yellow colour, the pulp is more aromatic and tart and has a somewhat superior flavour to the flesh of the deep yellow to orange fruits of Passiflora tarminiana[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe along with the pulp which will help break down the seed coat and speed up germination[
]. Stored seed should be soaked for 24 hours in warm water and germination time can be reduced if the seed is then mixed with the juice of a fresh passion fruit (of any species)[
]. Even so, it can take 12 months for stored seed to germinate[
]. Place the seed tray in a shady position, maintaining a temperature around 19 - 24c[
]. Prick the seedlings out into individual containers as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant out when large enough[
Cuttings of young shoots, taken at the nodes.
Layering. Very easy[
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