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Useful Tropical Plants

Paspalum conjugatum

P.J.Bergius

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Digitaria conjugata (P.J.Bergius) Schult.

Panicum conjugatum (P.J.Bergius) Roxb.

Paspalum africanum Poir.

Paspalum bicrurum Salzm. ex Döll

Paspalum ciliatum Lam.

Paspalum dolichopus Trin. ex Steud.

Paspalum longissimum Hochst. ex Steud.

Paspalum renggeri Steud.

Paspalum sieberianum Steud.

Paspalum tenue Gaertn.

Common Name:

Paspalum conjugatum
Pot-grown plant, showing habit and the creeping stolons
Photograph by: Harry Rose
Creative Commons License
Paspalum conjugatum Paspalum conjugatum Paspalum conjugatum Paspalum conjugatum Paspalum conjugatum Paspalum conjugatum Paspalum conjugatum Paspalum conjugatum

General Information

Paspalum conjugatum is a creeping, perennial grass with culms that can grow 30 - 60cm tall. Spreading by means of long stolons that root at the nodes to form new growth, the plant can form a dense mat of growth, especially when cut regularly as in a lawn[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
The plant has spread widely from its original range in the Americas, often escaping to become a weed when used as a pasture grass and lawn plant. It is often harvested for medicinal use by traditional peoples.

Known Hazards

Wet fruits may become very irritating as they easily stick to one's legs and clothing[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
It is stated that only the young stage of the grass is suitable for grazing since the fruits tend to stick in the throats of livestock and choke them[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Botanical References


Range

Tropical and subtropical America - widespread from Argentina and Paraguay north through C. America and the Caribbean to the southern states of USA

Habitat

Open to moderately shaded places; it is found naturalized under plantation crops, along stream banks, roadsides and in disturbed areas; on a variety of soils, often growing gregariously; at elevations from near sea-level up to 1,700 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Perennial
Height0.30 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Paspalum conjugatum has a wide range of climatic tolerance, growing wild in the tropics and subtropics and spreading widely as a weed outside its range. It is best adapted to humid climates[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Succeeds in a wide range of habitats, growing well in full sun to moderate shade, in a wide range of soils including acidic, low-nutrient soils, and in wet as well as drier soils[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].
Often grown in pastures and as a lawn, the plant escapes from cultivation and has become widely naturalized outside its native range. The small seeds are probably distributed by humans and animals on clothing and fur, whilst small parts of the stolons can root to form new plants. It is regarded as an important weed in rice and plantation crops, and is a common and aggressive weed in pasture land in Australia. It grows vigorously under partial shade and may compete seriously with tree crops - it has been stated that some native forests have become extinct due to this pest[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
,
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
].
Flowering commences 4 - 5 weeks after seedling emergence, and the plant continues to flower all year round[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
New shoots develop at every rooted node[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A decoction of the leaves, or the crushed spikelets, is used in the treatment of wounds and sores[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
]. The leaves are also used in the treatment of fever, debility, stomach troubles and pulmonary afflictions[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
].
Young leaves are pounded and then applied as paste onto wounds and cuts[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
].

An infusion of the plant is used as a remedy for headaches[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
]. The efficacy of this treatment may be due to an ergot-like fungus infestation[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
].
Used as an antivenom, a decoction of the whole plant, combined with the oil of Lebrunia bushaie, is rubbed on the bite[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
].

The roots are used in the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
]

The presence of a haemostatic glucoside, which reduced the time for blood clotting by 50%, has been reported for this species[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant spreads by means of stolons, is tolerant of some trampling and also responds well to fairly low cutting; it is occasionally used as a lawn grass[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - the germination percentage is usually low[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
Cuttings of prostate culms, using 2 - 3 nodes per cutting[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-12-01. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Paspalum+conjugatum>

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