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Useful Tropical Plants

Parkinsonia praecox

(Ruiz & Pav.) Hawkins

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Caesalpinia praecox Ruiz & Pav. ex Hook.

Cercidium goldmanii Rose

Cercidium plurifoliolatum Micheli

Cercidium praecox (Ruiz & Pav. ex Hook.) Harms

Cercidium spinosum Tul.

Cercidium unijugum Rose

Cercidium viride (H.Karst.) H.Karst.

Common Name: Palo Brea

Parkinsonia praecox
Flowering plant in native habitat
Photograph by: Arianza1
Creative Commons License
Parkinsonia praecox Parkinsonia praecox Parkinsonia praecox Parkinsonia praecox

General Information

Parkinsonia praecox is an evergreen shrub or small tree usually growing 2 - 4 metres tall but occasionally reaching 9 metres in forested areas of northeastern Sonora. The crown is usually rounded or flat-topped and spreading in exposed habitats, erect and less branched in sheltered habitats[
1333
Title
The Genus Cercidium (Leguminosae:Caesalpinioideae) in the Sonoran Desert of Mexico and the United States
Publication
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 4, Vol XL, No 2, pp 17-57; 1974
Author
Carter A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use of the gum contained in its stems.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1333
Title
The Genus Cercidium (Leguminosae:Caesalpinioideae) in the Sonoran Desert of Mexico and the United States
Publication
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 4, Vol XL, No 2, pp 17-57; 1974
Author
Carter A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela. N. America - southern and northern Mexico

Habitat

Deciduous forests at low elevations[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
]. Found at elevations from sea level to 1,500 metres in Ecuador.

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height3.50 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Plants are fairly frost hardy, tolerating occasional short-lived frosts down to about -5°c[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
].
Prefers a sunny position in a slightly alkaline soil[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
].
The leaves of this plant are ephemeral, being mainly present in the rainy season. Much of the photosynthesis is carried out by the plant's green stems, which remain bright green even near ground level[
1333
Title
The Genus Cercidium (Leguminosae:Caesalpinioideae) in the Sonoran Desert of Mexico and the United States
Publication
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 4, Vol XL, No 2, pp 17-57; 1974
Author
Carter A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The stem is the source of a greenish, semi-transparent gum, known as Brea, that contains 80% arabin. It is completely soluble in water and is an acceptable substitute for gum arabic[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
]. It is used locally to make soap by dissolving it in an alkali[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].
The common name, 'Palo Brea', is derived from the fact that the waxy substance coating the bark, after being scraped from the branches and melted by heat, is used as a 'gum' for gluing together leather objects and furniture[
1333
Title
The Genus Cercidium (Leguminosae:Caesalpinioideae) in the Sonoran Desert of Mexico and the United States
Publication
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 4, Vol XL, No 2, pp 17-57; 1974
Author
Carter A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The wood is hard, moderately heavy but brittle. It is free from any noticeable odour or taste, easy to work and finishes smoothly but is considered to be of no commercial value[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].
The wood burns quickly and gives off an unpleasant odour[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-10-22. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Parkinsonia+praecox>

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