Ferolia nonda (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Kuntze
Common Name: Nonda Plum
Nonda plum varies considerably in habit according to its environment. Normally a small to medium-sized tree 6 - 15 metres tall, though exceptional specimens can reach 34 metres in height. On adverse sites, however, it can be reduced to a shrub just 1 - 2 metres tall[
]. The bole is unbuttressed[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit. It is also exploited for its useful timber, and has been used in land reclamation schemes.
The wood dust may cause dermatitis, probably because of irritation by silica deposits[
Australasia - northern Australia to New Guinea.
Monsoonal areas in open Eucalyptus forest, or dry scrub[
]. Undulating to hilly plateaux of either sandstone or basalt and on alluvial plains[
]. Savannah, open forest, forest on rocky areas in lowlands[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of moist, tropical lowlands, where it can be found up to elevations of 1,300 metres[
]. The plant grows best in areas where the mean annual temperature ranges from 26 - 37°c, but can succeed within the range 14 - 42°c[
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,100 - 1,600mm, but tolerates 700 - 1,800mm[
Prefers a deep, well-drained sandy to loamy soil in a sunny position[
]. Established plants are very drought tolerant[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 7, but can tolerate 4.5 - 8[
The fruit has a yellow-orange, firm, dry flesh that tastes of baked potatoes[
]. The orange-brown fruit is about 4cm in diameter[
The tree has been tried out in mined-land rehabilitation trials[
The timber has good wearing properties and can be used for building construction material, agricultural implements, joinery, sleepers, poles, and turnery[
The wood is a good fuel[
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