A very variable species, at least 4 subspecies have been recognised[
Artocarpus venenosa Zoll. & Moritzi
Artocarpus woodii Merr.
Gymnartocarpus venenosa Boerl.
Gymnartocarpus woodii Merr.
Parartocarpus woodii (Merr.) Merr.
Common Name: Pangi
Pangi is a large tree growing up to 35 metres tall[
]. The straight, cylindrical bole can be free of branches for up to 18 metres; up to 60cm in diameter; sometimes with buttresses up to 150cm high[
The edible fruits and seeds are gathered from the wild for local use[
]. The subspecies Parartocarpus venenosus papuanus is locally cultivated in the Philippines for its edible seeds[
]. The wood is a source of terap timber and is traded.
The latex found in the tree is poisonous and is used to make arrow poison[
Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, to Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
Evergreen forests at elevations up to 700 metres[
]. Lowland to lower montane forests, including peat-swamp forest; growing on yellow-clayey soils; at elevations from 300 - 1,500 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required[
The ripe, chestnut-like seeds are eaten roasted or stewed[
The ripe fruit is edible (like breadfruit), but the unripe seeds are poisonous[
]. The dull-yellow fruit is a syncarp around 6 - 10cm in diameter[
The latex is used as an insecticide[
The wood is soft and not durable[
This species is a source of terap timber. The general description of the wood is as follows:-
The heartwood is yellow to pale brown; it is usually not differentiated from the sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse to coarse and even; the grain is interlocked. The wood is non-durable under tropical conditions. It seasons fairly slowly, with high shrinkage and slight bowing, cupping and checking. It is reasonably easy to work; slightly difficult to saw; slightly difficult to plane and leaves a rough finish; bores and turns easily, but leaves a rough finish;nailing property is good; can be peeled satisfactorily and is suitable for plywood production. Locally, the wood is used for light construction, for making boxes, crates, wooden pallets and veneer. The wood is sometimes nicely figured and therefore is suitable for decorative purposes like furniture, joinery and panelling[
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