Aegiphila laevigata Juss.
Chonemorpha densiflora (Blume) G.Don
Ecdysanthera barbata (Blume) Miq.
Ecdysanthera densiflora (Blume) Miq.
Ecdysanthera glandulifera (Wall. ex G.Don) A.DC.
Ecdysanthera griffithii Wight
Echites barbatus (Blume) D.Dietr.
Echites densiflorus Blume
Echites glanduliferus Wall. ex G.Don
Echites torosus Llanos
Parameria barbata (Blume) K.Schum.
Parameria glandulifera (Wall. ex G.Don) Benth. ex Kurz
Parameria philippinensis Radlk.
Parameria pierrei Baill.
Parameria vulneraria Radlk.
Parsonsia barbata Blume
Parameria laevigata is an evergreen climbing shrub producing stems 10 metres long[
The plant is valued mainly for its medicinal virtues and it is often harvested from the wild for local use. It also supplies a useful fibre and a latex. The bark and branches are sometimes sold for medicinal use in local markets[
E. Asia - Andaman and Nicobar Islands, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Philippines.
Montane forests, ravines; at elevations of 800 - 1,500 metres in China[
]. Thickets and open forests at low to medium elevations in the Philippines[
]. Primary and secondary forests and thickets from sea-level up to 1,500 metres[
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All parts of plant are used to treat rheumatism, nephritis, and injury[
The leaves are emmenagogue[
]. An infusion is taken internally to facilitate the flow of menses[
The leaves and twigs are pounded then applied as a poultice on cuts and lacerations[
The bark is an efficient vulnerary[
]. It is used internally in the treatment of dysentery, tuberculosis, and is drunk after childbirth to help shrink the uterus[
Macerated in oil and applied externally, it is used as a treatment for wounds[
The latex is febrifuge, stomachic and a general tonic[
]. It is used externally to heal wounds[
In Indonesia, it is an ingredient of a folk medicine called 'Jamu' or' Kayu rapet,' traditionally used as an anti-ulcer or anti-diarrheal medicine and for treating wounds[
A latex obtained from the plant yields a good rubber[
]. Of rather poor quality[
]. A good quality, but available in too small quantities to be worthwhile[
]. The latex coagulates with hot water[
]. The bark contains 8.5% latex[
A fibre obtained from the bark is used for making rope and for tying bundles of rice[
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