Panicum kermesinum Mez
Panicum longijubatum (Stapf) Stapf
Panicum miliare Lam.
Panicum proliferum Lam.
Panicum subalbidum Hochst. ex T.Durand & Schinz
Common Name: Blue Panic Grass
Panicum antidotale is a vigorous, tufted grass with blue-green leaves and a stout, creeping, stoloniferous rootstock. The stems are thin and wiry; the plant is bulbous at the base and grows 150 - 270cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild and used locally as a food and medicine. It is used in soil stabilization schemes and has sometimes been cultivated for its medicinal properties[
W. Asia - Iran, Afghanistan; E. Asia - Himalayas from Pakistan to Nepal, and the Upper Gangetic Plain.
Sand dunes and dry river beds[
]. Found especially in desert regions in Pakistan[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of the warm temperate to tropical regions. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 18 - 25°c, but can tolerate 9 - 31°c[
]. It can be killed by temperatures of -1°c or lower[
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 400 - 700mm, but tolerates 130 - 1,700mm[
Requires a moderately fertile well-drained soil in full sun[
]. Prefers a heavy loam or dark clay soil high in lime, and does not do well on sandy soils that are acid or low in organic matter[
]. The plant has a very deep root system, which enables it to withstand drought[
].The plant can also tolerate temporary inundation of the soil[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 6 - 7.5, tolerating 5.5 - 8.2[
The plant has been recorded as becoming a weed in areas outside its native range[
The plant is resistant to fire[
The smoke of the burning plant is used to fumigate wounds and as a disinfectant in the treatment of smallpox and throat infections[
The plant is said to be an excellent sand binder and is used for stabilizing soils[
]. It is used extensively for erosion control in the flood plains of the United States, mainly to protect against wind erosion; it is not very effective for control of water erosion[
Seed - if seed is abundant, then sow in situ, otherwise sow in a nursery bed and only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within a week. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots and plant them out when large enough[
Division of the clumps.
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