Pandanus indicus (Gaudich.) Warb.
Pandanus mellori Boden-Kloss
Roussinia indica Gaudich.
Common Name: Nicobar Breadfruit
Nicobar breadfruit is an evergreen tree.
An important plant for the local people, its edible fruit is gathered from the wild, whilst various other parts of the plant are also utilized.
Nicobar and Andaman Islands to Indonesia.
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A plant of the moist tropical lowlands[
], found in areas where the temperature ranges from 22°c - 32°c, with a mean relative humidity of about 82% and the annual rainfall ranges from 3,000 - 3,800 mm.
Branches do not have dormant buds and so will not resprout if cut back into the old wood[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruits and seed are required.
Fruit - cooked[
]. Boiled and pressed into cakes[
]. Rich in carbohydrate[
The cylindrical fruit is a syncarp made up of a number of individual drupes[
]. Individual drupes are hard, woody wedges - each containing a few, slender seeds[
]. Each wedge has a fleshy base imbued with a sweet-smelling, orange pulp that in many species has a delicious flavour[
]. This pulp needs to be cooked in order to destroy a deleterious substance[
Although no specific records have yet been seen for this species, most members of this genus also have more or less edible seeds and inner leaf bases[
The seed often has a delicious nutty flavour when eaten raw or cooked, though it is fiddly to extract[
]. Seeds contain 44 - 50% fat and 20 - 34% protein[
Inner base of young leaves - raw[
The leaves are used for thatching, making mats etc.
The fibrous portions of the drupes are combed out into a kind of brush which is used for removing dust from the feet[
Seed - best pre-soaked for 24 hours prior to sowing[
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