Barrotia diodon Gaudich.
Pandanus crassipes Wall. ex Balf.f.
Pandanus diodon (Gaudich.) Martelli
Pandanus horridus Reinw. ex Blume
Pandanus nepalensis H.St.John
Pandanus spinifructus Dennst.
Rykia furcata (Roxb.) de Vriese
Cultivated plant at FRI, Dehradun, India. Note the prop roots.
Photograph by: Harshanh
Pandanus furcatus is an erect, much-branched, evergreen shrub or small tree growing from 5 - 10 metres tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit, and its leaves which are widely used for weaving mats, baskets etc as well as for thatch. It is also sometimes cultivated in various parts of India and also in Cuba[
E. Asia - Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand.
Moist, shady places at elevations of 700 - 1,100 metres in Nepal[
]. Hills, including on limestone[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Branches do not have dormant buds and so will not resprout if cut back into the old wood[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruits and seed are required.
Fruit. The juice is sucked[
Although no specific records have yet been seen for this species, most members of this genus have more or less edible fruits, seeds and inner leaf bases[
The cylindrical fruit is a syncarp made up of a number of individual drupes[
]. Individual drupes are hard, woody wedges - each containing a few, slender seeds[
]. Each wedge has a fleshy base imbued with a sweet-smelling, orange pulp that in many species has a delicious flavour[
]. This pulp needs to be cooked in order to destroy a deleterious substance[
The seed often has a delicious nutty flavour when eaten raw or cooked, though it is fiddly to extract[
]. Seeds contain 44 - 50% fat and 20 - 34% protein[
Inner base of young leaves - raw[
The leaves are used as a remedy for snake bites[
The leaves are used for making cots and mats[
]. They are also used for thatching[
The stems are used for making floats and fishing nets[
The wood is moderately hard on the outside, but very soft inside[
Seed - best pre-soaked for 24 hours prior to sowing[
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