Acantholoma spinosum Baill.
Ilex longifolia Nees
Pachystroma castaneifolium Klotzsch ex Pax
Pachystroma ilicifolium MÃ¼ll.Arg.
Leaves and immature fruit
Photograph by: T. Croat
Pachystroma longifolium is an evergreen shrub or tree with a dense, tall crown; it can grow 12 - 18 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 40 - 70cm in diameter with a thin bark[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for its wood. An ornamental plant, looking somewhat like a holly (Ilex spp.), it can be used in ornamental planting schemes[
A latex obtained from the plant can cause skin irritations[
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia.
Atlantic rainforest, where it is found on a wide variety of soils but favouring steep slopes; also as an undercanopy tree in semideciduous forests where it favours moist soils on gentle slopes; at elevations from 400 - 900 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Grows best in dappled shade, especially when young, becoming more tolerant of the sun as it grows older[
Plants are rather slow growing[
A latex is obtained from the plant[
The wood is light in weight, soft, compact, elastic, with good mechanical properties but of low durability. It is used in xylography, for making boards, boxes, internal work and coffins[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A high germination rate can usually be expected, with the seed sprouting within 10 - 20 days[
]. When the seedlings are 4 - 6cm tall, pot them up into individual containers[
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