Omphalogonus nigritanus N.E.Br.
Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Periploca calophylla (Baill.) Roberty
Omphalogonus calophyllus is a herbaceous, perennial climbing plant that becomes woody at the base[
]. It produces stems up to 7 - 8 metres long that twine into other plants for support[
The plant is harvested from the wild for its fibre, latex and medicinal uses. It is also cultivated, especially in Nigeria and Benin, for the fibre[
The fresh bark, mixed with the bark of Strophantus gratus, is used for the preparation of an arrow poison. The whole plant can be used for the same purpose[
Tropical Africa - Senegal to Kenya and southwards.
Secondary jungle, commonly growing on ant-hills[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
The herb is used against dysmenorrohoea462].
A decoction of the roots is used as an aphrodisiac[
The leaves and stem bark have given negative tests for alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, quinones, steroids and terpenes[
The wood contains a complicated mixture of cardiac glycosides with strophanthidin, 16@hydroxystrophanthidin, 16&acetoxystrophanthidin, 16-dehydrostrophanthidin, strophanthidol, 16-dehydrostrophanthidol and convallatoxin as aglycones[
The plant is grown in hedges as a source of fibre[
The fibres of the shoots are made into fishing-lines and nets[
A latex is obtained from the plant[
]. Difficult to gather, it is probably of use in times of emergency[
]. The inferior latex was probably used for the adulteration of other sorts of latex[
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