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Useful Tropical Plants

Omphalogonus calophyllus

Baill.

Apocynaceae

+ Synonyms

Omphalogonus nigritanus N.E.Br.

Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock

Periploca calophylla (Baill.) Roberty

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Omphalogonus calophyllus is a herbaceous, perennial climbing plant that becomes woody at the base[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. It produces stems up to 7 - 8 metres long that twine into other plants for support[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for its fibre, latex and medicinal uses. It is also cultivated, especially in Nigeria and Benin, for the fibre[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Known Hazards

The fresh bark, mixed with the bark of Strophantus gratus, is used for the preparation of an arrow poison. The whole plant can be used for the same purpose[
462
Title
Inventory of Plants used in Traditional Medicine in Tanzania. Part 1.
Publication
 
Author
Hedberg I. & Hedberg O.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Basic traditional medicinal uses of a range of plants from Tanzania.
].

Botanical References


Range

Tropical Africa - Senegal to Kenya and southwards.

Habitat

Secondary jungle, commonly growing on ant-hills[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial Climber
Height7.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The herb is used against dysmenorrohoea462].

A decoction of the roots is used as an aphrodisiac[
462
Title
Inventory of Plants used in Traditional Medicine in Tanzania. Part 1.
Publication
 
Author
Hedberg I. & Hedberg O.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Basic traditional medicinal uses of a range of plants from Tanzania.
].

The leaves and stem bark have given negative tests for alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, quinones, steroids and terpenes[
462
Title
Inventory of Plants used in Traditional Medicine in Tanzania. Part 1.
Publication
 
Author
Hedberg I. & Hedberg O.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Basic traditional medicinal uses of a range of plants from Tanzania.
].
The wood contains a complicated mixture of cardiac glycosides with strophanthidin, 16@hydroxystrophanthidin, 16&acetoxystrophanthidin, 16-dehydrostrophanthidin, strophanthidol, 16-dehydrostrophanthidol and convallatoxin as aglycones[
462
Title
Inventory of Plants used in Traditional Medicine in Tanzania. Part 1.
Publication
 
Author
Hedberg I. & Hedberg O.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Basic traditional medicinal uses of a range of plants from Tanzania.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is grown in hedges as a source of fibre[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Other Uses

The fibres of the shoots are made into fishing-lines and nets[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

A latex is obtained from the plant[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. Difficult to gather, it is probably of use in times of emergency[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. The inferior latex was probably used for the adulteration of other sorts of latex[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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