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Useful Tropical Plants

Ocotea cernua

(Nees) Mez

Lauraceae

+ Synonyms

Ocotea bangii Mez & Rusby ex Rusby

Ocotea caudata (Nees) Mez

Ocotea marowynensis (Miq.) Mez

Ocotea punctulata Mez

Ocotea urophylla (Meisn.) Mez

Oreodaphne caudata Nees

Oreodaphne cernua Nees

Common Name: Cayenne Rosewood

Ocotea cernua
Fruiting branch
Photograph by: Indiana Coronado
Creative Commons License
Ocotea cernua Ocotea cernua Ocotea cernua

General Information

Cayenne rosewood is a large evergreen shrub or small tree, growing from 5 - 10 metres tall with occasional specimens up to 20 metres[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its essential oil.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.

Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, north to the Caribbean and through Central America to Mexico.

Habitat

Wet mixed forest, at or a little above sea level in Guatemala[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
]. Lowland evergreen forest in Costa Rica[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height8.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of tropical areas, where it is found at elevations from near sea level to over 1,500 metres.

A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

A highly odoriferous essential oil is obtained from the plant[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. It contains myristic aldehyde, cineal, terpinol and a sesquiterpene[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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