There has been considerable dispute about whether Ochrosia and Neisosperma are distinct genera. We are following the treatment by Hendrian in Revision of Ochrosia (Apocynaceae) in Malesia; Blumea 49: pp 101-128; 2004 - here they are treated as two sections of the genus Ochrosia[
Lactaria elliptica (Labill.) Kuntze
Bleekeria elliptica (Labill.) Koidz.
Excavatia elliptica (Labill.) Markgr.
Ochrosia parviflora G.Don
Bleekeria calocarpa Hassk.
Bleekeria kalocarpa Hassk.
Lactaria calocarpa (Hassk.) Hassk.
Ochrosia calocarpa (Hassk.) Miq.
Lactaria parviflora (G.Don) Kuntze
Ochrosia noumeensis Baill. ex Guillaumin
Ochrosia elliptica is an evergreen shrub or small tree usually growing 4 - 6 metres tall but sometimes reaching 12 metres[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of beads. It is cultivated for its medicinal use in China. It is widely distributed as an ornamental, being valued for its startling bright red fruits and dense clusters of cream flowers that are produced throughout the year on an open spreading leafy canopy[
The sap is poisonous[
Australia - Queensland to the southwest Pacific (New Caledonia, Vanuatu)
Along the seashore, on coral outcrops as well as sandy habitats[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Grows best in an open, sunny position, but also tolerates partial shade. It prefers a fertile, moist but well-drained loam that is rich in humus[
The plant (part not specified) is diuretic and purgative[
An infusion of the bark is used as a febrifuge[
]. It was used in the 19th century as a treatment for malaria[
The latex is applied on bruises and cuts[
The major alkaloids isolated from Ochrosia elliptica are ellipticine, elliptinine, 9-ellipticine, 9-methoxy-ellipticine and isoreserpiline, which are all of the indole type, derived from the amino acid tryptophan[
Ellipticine and its derivatives possess anticancer properties against several experimental neoplasms as well as towards some human cancers[
The attractive twinned seeds (known as 'baby's bottom because of their shape) are polished and worn as pendants[
Ochrosia elliptica is usually propagated by seed but can also be propagated by ripe wood cuttings. Under glasshouse conditions in temperate climates ripe wood cuttings in early spring are rooted in moist sand in a closed case with bottom heat[
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