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Useful Tropical Plants

Ochrosia elliptica

Labill.

Apocynaceae


There has been considerable dispute about whether Ochrosia and Neisosperma are distinct genera. We are following the treatment by Hendrian in Revision of Ochrosia (Apocynaceae) in Malesia; Blumea 49: pp 101-128; 2004 - here they are treated as two sections of the genus Ochrosia[
1037
Title
Revision of Ochrosia (Apocynaceae) in Malesia
Publication
Blumea 49: pp 101-128
Author
Hendrian
Website
http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/564983
Publisher
 
Year
2004
ISBN
0006-5196
Description
A detailed revision of the genus Ochrosia in Malesia.
,
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Lactaria elliptica (Labill.) Kuntze

Bleekeria elliptica (Labill.) Koidz.

Excavatia elliptica (Labill.) Markgr.

Ochrosia parviflora G.Don

Bleekeria calocarpa Hassk.

Bleekeria kalocarpa Hassk.

Lactaria calocarpa (Hassk.) Hassk.

Ochrosia calocarpa (Hassk.) Miq.

Lactaria parviflora (G.Don) Kuntze

Ochrosia noumeensis Baill. ex Guillaumin

Common Name:

Ochrosia elliptica
Fruiting branch
Photograph by: Ian Sutton
Creative Commons License
Ochrosia elliptica Ochrosia elliptica Ochrosia elliptica

General Information

Ochrosia elliptica is an evergreen shrub or small tree usually growing 4 - 6 metres tall but sometimes reaching 12 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of beads. It is cultivated for its medicinal use in China. It is widely distributed as an ornamental, being valued for its startling bright red fruits and dense clusters of cream flowers that are produced throughout the year on an open spreading leafy canopy[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Known Hazards

The sap is poisonous[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
].

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

Australia - Queensland to the southwest Pacific (New Caledonia, Vanuatu)

Habitat

Along the seashore, on coral outcrops as well as sandy habitats[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height5.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Grows best in an open, sunny position, but also tolerates partial shade. It prefers a fertile, moist but well-drained loam that is rich in humus[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant (part not specified) is diuretic and purgative[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

An infusion of the bark is used as a febrifuge[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. It was used in the 19th century as a treatment for malaria[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The latex is applied on bruises and cuts[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The major alkaloids isolated from Ochrosia elliptica are ellipticine, elliptinine, 9-ellipticine, 9-methoxy-ellipticine and isoreserpiline, which are all of the indole type, derived from the amino acid tryptophan[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Ellipticine and its derivatives possess anticancer properties against several experimental neoplasms as well as towards some human cancers[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
].

Other Uses

The attractive twinned seeds (known as 'baby's bottom because of their shape) are polished and worn as pendants[
520
Title
Botanical Beads
Publication
 
Author
Smith R.J.
Website
http://www.botanicalbeads.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website looking at seeds that are used for ornament. It is based on a book that the author had written.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Ochrosia elliptica is usually propagated by seed but can also be propagated by ripe wood cuttings. Under glasshouse conditions in temperate climates ripe wood cuttings in early spring are rooted in moist sand in a closed case with bottom heat[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

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