Nerion oleandrum St.-Lag.
Nerium carneum Dum.Cours.
Nerium flavescens Spin
Nerium floridum Salisb.
Nerium grandiflorum Desf.
Nerium indicum Mill.
Nerium japonicum Gentil
Nerium kotschyi Boiss.
Nerium latifolium Mill.
Nerium lauriforme Lam.
Nerium luteum Nois. ex Steud.
Nerium mascatense A.DC.
Nerium odoratissimum Wender.
Nerium odoratum Lam.
Nerium odorum Aiton
Nerium splendens Paxton
Nerium thyrsiflorum Paxton
Nerium verecundum Salisb.
Oleander indica (Mill.) Medik.
Oleander vulgaris Medik.
Common Name: Oleander
Oleander is an evergreen shrub with thin, erect branches; it can grow to a height of 4 - 8 metres[
A very poisonous plant it is sometimes gathered from the wild for medicinal and other uses. It is often cultivated as an ornamental plant, where it can be grown as a hedge.
The whole plant is very poisonous[
]. Skin contact with the plant can cause irritation whilst ingestion of only one leaf has led to death in children[
]. Death has been known to follow the use of the wood of this plant as a meat skewer[
Mediterranean areas of Africa and Europe, through W. Asia to the Indian subcontinent, Myanmar and China.
River banks and river gravels in Europe[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Succeeds in the drier regions of tropical to warm temperate climates[
Prefers a heavy soil[
]. Prefers a light soil according to another report[
]. Requires a position in full sun[
]. Prefers a fertile well-drained soil[
]. Lime tolerant[
]. Plants are very tolerant of heat and also of drought once they are established[
]. Grows well in maritime gardens, tolerating salt-laden winds[
] and saline soils[
A very ornamental plant[
], there are many named varieties[
]. Plants are shy to flower when grown outdoors[
]. The flowers have a soft sweet perfume[
Oleander is a very poisonous plant, containing a powerful cardiac toxin[
], and should only be used with extreme caution[
The leaves and the flowers are cardiotonic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic, expectorant and sternutatory[
]. A decoction of the leaves has been applied externally in the treatment of scabies and parasitic skin worms[
], and to reduce swellings[
The root is powerfully resolvent. Because of its poisonous nature it is only used externally. It is beaten into a paste with water and applied to chancres and ulcers on the penis[
An oil prepared from the root bark is used in the treatment of leprosy and skin diseases of a scaly nature[
The whole plant is said to have anticancer properties[
The plant is commonly used for informal hedging in the Mediterranean[
The plants have an extensive root system and are often used to stabilize soil in warmer areas[
The plant is used as a rat poison[
], a parasiticide[
] and an insecticide[
]. The pounded leaves and bark are used as an insecticide[
A green dye is obtained from the flowers[
The leaves contain small amounts of latex that can be used to make rubber[
], though the amount is too small for commercial utilization[
Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse[
]. Do not use seed from pods infected with the bacterial disease 'oleander knot'[
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter before planting them out in early summer.
Cuttings of half-ripe side shoots, August/September in a frame. Good percentage[
Cuttings of mature leading shoots[
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