Nephelium xerospermoides Radlk.
Close-up of the fruits
Photograph by: Andry Harmony
Nephelium melanomiscum is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 25 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 45cm in diameter with buttresses up to 120cm high[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
Southeast Asia - Borneo (Brunei, Sabah, Sarawak), Philippines
Primary and old secondary forests on slopes, riverbanks, and hill tops on clay-rich soil, and on fertile alluvial soil in mixed dipterocarp forest; at elevations up to 1,350 metres[[
Species in this genus generally succeed in full sun to partial shade, growing best in a deep, frertile, well-drained soil[
Species in this genus are generally dioecious, though monoecious forms are sometimes found. Normally, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are reguired'451].
Fruit - raw[
]. A sour flavour[
]. The ellipsoid fruit is around 37mm long and 25mm wide[
Seed - it has a very short viability and so needs to be sown as soon as it is extracted from the fruit[
]. Wash the seed first to remove traces of the fruit[
]. Sow the seed in containers or in a nursery seedbed in light shade - germination should take place in 7 - 20 days[
]. Properly cared for, the seedlings grow rapidly[
]. They quickly produce a large root system and so need to be planted out into their permanent positions when still young[
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