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Useful Tropical Plants

Nauclea xanthoxylon

(A.Chev.) Aubrév.

Rubiaceae

+ Synonyms

Sarcocephalus xanthoxylon A.Chev.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Nauclea xanthoxylon is a small tree, usually growing 10 - 15 metres tall but with occasional specimens to 30 metres[
682
Title
Fruitipedia.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fruitipedia.com
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A website with lots of fact sheets on fruit species.
].
The edible fruit is harvested from the wild for local use and the plant is sometimes grown in home orchards[
682
Title
Fruitipedia.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fruitipedia.com
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A website with lots of fact sheets on fruit species.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Western tropical Africa - Cote D'Ivoire, Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan.

Habitat

Swamp forests[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *
HabitTree
Height12.00 m
Growth RateMedium
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist tropics. Plants can withstand occasional, short-lived frosts, but generally need a warm climate if they are to thrive[
682
Title
Fruitipedia.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fruitipedia.com
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A website with lots of fact sheets on fruit species.
].
Plants are tolerant of some water-logging[
682
Title
Fruitipedia.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fruitipedia.com
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A website with lots of fact sheets on fruit species.
].
Newly planted young trees grow away quite quickly and can commence bearing fruit within 4 - 5 years[
682
Title
Fruitipedia.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fruitipedia.com
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A website with lots of fact sheets on fruit species.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
]. The pulp has a flavour somewhat like a mushy apple and the texture of a pear[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
,
682
Title
Fruitipedia.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fruitipedia.com
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A website with lots of fact sheets on fruit species.
]. The flesh-coloured fruit is about the size of peach, containing a number of small ,black seeds[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
]. The fruit is 5 - 10cm in diameter[
682
Title
Fruitipedia.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fruitipedia.com
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A website with lots of fact sheets on fruit species.
].

Medicinal

The plant contains alkaloids[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - the very small seed does not have a long viability. When sown fresh, it usually germinates well[
683
Title
Neglected Crops: 1492 from a Different Perspective
Publication
 
Author
Hernándo Bermejo J. E. & León J. (Editors)
Publisher
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Rome
Year
1994
ISBN
92-5-103217-3
Description
Concise information on many less well known crops from S. America. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

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