Manglilla capororoca A.St.-Hil.
Myrsine daphnites acutifolia Mart.
Myrsine gardneriana Miq.
Myrsine glauca Casar.
Myrsine glomeriflora Mart.
Myrsine leuconeura Mart.
Myrsine martiana A.DC.
Myrsine monticola Mart.
Myrsine neriifolia Casar.
Rapanea glomeriflora (Mart.) Mez
Rapanea lucida Herzog
Rapanea umbellata (Mart.) Mez
Myrsine umbellata is an evergreen tree with a dense, oval crown; it can grow 5 - 15 metres tall. The crooked, cylindrical bole can be 30 - 50cm in diameter with a thick bark[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood. It has ornamental properties and has been recommended for landscaping[
S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia.
Found in a variety of woodland habitats, both in dense primary forest and the more open, secondary formations; also in open ground; tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions and moisture[
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Grows best in a sunny position[
]. Succeeds in dry to fairly wet soils[
]. Tolerant of a wide range of soils[
Young plants have a moderate rate of growth[
The bark is rich in tannins and is astringent[
The bark is a rich source of tannins[
The wood is thick-textured, straight-grained, heavy, with very poor durability even if kept dry. It is only used locally for purposes such as beams, laths, scantlings and furniture[
The wood is used for fuel and to make charcoal[
Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing. Sow the treated seed in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A germination rate of less than 30% can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 40 - 60 days[
]. When the seedlings are 5 - 6cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out 12 months later[
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