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Useful Tropical Plants

Myristica beddomei

King

Myristicaceae


This species has been confused with Myristica dactyloides Gaertn., in the past and has often been included in it. However, recent research has confirmed its status as a distinct species[
1035
Title
Reconciling natural history and species ecology: Myristica beddomei (Myristicaceae) in the Western Ghats, India.
Publication
Mongabay.com Open Access Journal - Tropical Conservation Science Vol. 6 pp 663 - 673
Author
Chetana H.C. & Ganesh T.
Website
http://Tropicalconservationscience.org
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
1940-0829
Description
The article focuses on seed dispersal for this species, but also gives basic information on the habitat and uses of the plant.
].

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Myristica beddomei
Drawing of the leaves, lowers, fruit and seed
Photograph by: Annals of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, vol. 3: t. 118 (1891) [G.C. Das]
Creative Commons License

General Information

Myristica beddomei is a large evergreen tree[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for loacal use as a condiment, medicine and source of wood.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - southern India.

Habitat

A sub-canopy tree in evergreen forest at elevations from 1,000 - 1,500 metres[
1035
Title
Reconciling natural history and species ecology: Myristica beddomei (Myristicaceae) in the Western Ghats, India.
Publication
Mongabay.com Open Access Journal - Tropical Conservation Science Vol. 6 pp 663 - 673
Author
Chetana H.C. & Ganesh T.
Website
http://Tropicalconservationscience.org
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
1940-0829
Description
The article focuses on seed dispersal for this species, but also gives basic information on the habitat and uses of the plant.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height0.00 m
PollinatorsBees, Insects
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist, seasonal tropics where it can be found at elevations from 1,000 - 1,500 metres. It is found in an area where the mean annual temperature is around 24°c, with a mean minimum temperature ranging from 14 - 19°c and a maximum temperature ranging from 17 - 28°c. The area experiences a mean annual rainfall that can be in excess of 3,500mm, with two distinct dry seasons[
1035
Title
Reconciling natural history and species ecology: Myristica beddomei (Myristicaceae) in the Western Ghats, India.
Publication
Mongabay.com Open Access Journal - Tropical Conservation Science Vol. 6 pp 663 - 673
Author
Chetana H.C. & Ganesh T.
Website
http://Tropicalconservationscience.org
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
1940-0829
Description
The article focuses on seed dispersal for this species, but also gives basic information on the habitat and uses of the plant.
].
Members of this genus are mainly understorey and canopy trees of primary woodland. They need the shade of woodland, especially when young, though can often tolerate more open positions as they grow larger. They usually succeed on a range of soil types. Most species have a superficial root system and are best grown in positions sheltered from strong winds[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Flowers are produced at the end of the branches[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Female plants usually fruit in alternate years[
1035
Title
Reconciling natural history and species ecology: Myristica beddomei (Myristicaceae) in the Western Ghats, India.
Publication
Mongabay.com Open Access Journal - Tropical Conservation Science Vol. 6 pp 663 - 673
Author
Chetana H.C. & Ganesh T.
Website
http://Tropicalconservationscience.org
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
1940-0829
Description
The article focuses on seed dispersal for this species, but also gives basic information on the habitat and uses of the plant.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.

Edible Uses

The aril is used as a spice[
1035
Title
Reconciling natural history and species ecology: Myristica beddomei (Myristicaceae) in the Western Ghats, India.
Publication
Mongabay.com Open Access Journal - Tropical Conservation Science Vol. 6 pp 663 - 673
Author
Chetana H.C. & Ganesh T.
Website
http://Tropicalconservationscience.org
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
1940-0829
Description
The article focuses on seed dispersal for this species, but also gives basic information on the habitat and uses of the plant.
].

Medicinal

The aril is used medicinally[
1035
Title
Reconciling natural history and species ecology: Myristica beddomei (Myristicaceae) in the Western Ghats, India.
Publication
Mongabay.com Open Access Journal - Tropical Conservation Science Vol. 6 pp 663 - 673
Author
Chetana H.C. & Ganesh T.
Website
http://Tropicalconservationscience.org
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
1940-0829
Description
The article focuses on seed dispersal for this species, but also gives basic information on the habitat and uses of the plant.
].

Other Uses

The red sap (kino), present in the bark of most species in this genus, can be used as a dye that gives a permanent brown stain[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The seed contains up to 24% of a light yellow fat[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
].

The heartwood is a light reddish-brown; it is not clearly demarcated from the sapwood. The wood is moderately hard. It is used for making tea chests[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].
We have no further information for this species, but the following is the general information for the wood of trees in this genus:-
The heartwood can be dark reddish brown to light yellow-brown or brown with occasional pink tinge and dark red-purple stripes; it is not clearly differentiated from the paler sapwood. A blood red core is found in some species. The grain is straight; the texture is rather fine to slightly coarse and even; somewhat lustrous; without characteristic odour or taste. Growth rings are distinct, demarcated by layers of terminal parenchyma. The wood is mostly soft or moderately hard and moderately heavy; it is not durable, but is easily treated with preservatives. The wood dries rather slowly but with little degrade, though thin stock tends to warp. It is easy to work with, but sometimes easily splitting; planning is easy, with a smooth to moderately smooth finish; drilling and turning are easy with a smooth finish; nailing properties are generally good with some tendency to splitting. A light hardwood, it is mainly used for light construction work, partitioning, flooring, wall-panelling, moulding and other types of interior finishing, and for making tool-handles, woodcrafts, match boxes and splints, packing cases, crates, and household utensils. It is also suitable for manifacturing plywood, rotary veneer and wrapping and writing papers[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
,
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].

Propagation

Seed - dries out easily, loses its viability rapidly, and cannot be stored. It is best sown in a shaded position in a nursery seedbed - germination is usually fairly quick with the seed of most species sprouting within 2 - 17 weeks[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
1034
Title
The Gardens' Bulletin Vol. 23
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Botanic Gardens Park and Recreation Department; Singapore
Year
1968
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, this one contains a revision of the genus Myristica.
]. Grow the young plants on in a shady position, planting them out in their permanent positions when large enough.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-06-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Myristica+beddomei>

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