Mucuna horrida Baill.
Mucuna myriaptera Baker
Mucuna paniculata is a climbing shrub with twining stems
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine, and is also traded nationally[
Mucuna paniculata has a wide range in northern Madagascar, but its long-term well-being is threatened by habitat destruction due to slash-and-burn land management techniques for facilitating shifting agriculture and selective wood harvesting. The plant is currently classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
Mucuna species often possess irritant hairs on the seedpods and sometimes on the flowers and other parts. These hairs consist of 1-2 small basal cells and a large needle-like top cell. The top cell breaks off easily, piercing the skin and injecting chemical compounds that are present in the hairs. The proteolytic enzyme 'Mucunain' is said to be the active agent[
The hairs can contaminate clothes or other objects, and remain active when dried, though they can be destroyed by heat[
]. Intense itching, with reddening of the skin and small papules or urticaria occur a few minutes after contact with the hairy parts of the plant. There is no serious danger, unless the hairs get into the eye, in which case, in extreme situations, they have caused blindness. To remove the hairs from the skin, adhesive tape and washing with water and soap are considered useful. Dermatitis can be treated with corticosteroid ointment. See a doctor immediately if hairs go into the eyes[
Africa - northern Madagascar
Dry, subhumid and humid montane evergreen forests, often along stream or river margins; at elevations up to 2,500 metres[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
Mucuna species generally grow best in a shady position in a humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil[
The plant is used medicinally[
]. No more information
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.