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Useful Tropical Plants

Morinda coreia

Buch.-Ham.

Rubiaceae

+ Synonyms

Morinda exserta Roxb.

Morinda pubescens Sm.

Morinda tinctoria Roxb.

Common Name:

Morinda coreia
Plant growing in native habitat
Photograph by: Forestowlet
Creative Commons License
Morinda coreia Morinda coreia Morinda coreia Morinda coreia

General Information

Morinda coreia is an evergreen shrub or small tree that can grow from 5 - 10 metres tall. The bole is short and crooked[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].
The plant has been extensively cultivated in India for the dye obtained from the root bark. It is a popular medicinal plant in Thailand, where it is often gathered from the wild, and is also a local source of timber.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

E. Asia - India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia.

Habitat

Usually found in dry forests in India and Sri Lanka[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height8.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant has been extensively used in Thai traditional medicine. In general, the core of wild forest noni (does this mean the trunk?[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]) has been used to treat menstrual disorders, as a tonic for stomach and blood stasis[
445
Title
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology. Vol.12 No.3.
Publication
 
Author
Kantachote D.; Kowpong K.; Charernjiratrakul W.; Pengnoo A.
Website
http://www.ejbiotechnology.info/content/vol12/issue3/full/12/
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
A paper researching the possibilities of using the fruit of Morinda coreia to make a liquid manure.
].

The fruit is rarely used medicinally because it has an unpleasant smell. However, it has been shown that the beverage produced by fermenting the fruits was able to inhibit enteropathogenic bacteria and also had a high amount of potassium[
445
Title
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology. Vol.12 No.3.
Publication
 
Author
Kantachote D.; Kowpong K.; Charernjiratrakul W.; Pengnoo A.
Website
http://www.ejbiotechnology.info/content/vol12/issue3/full/12/
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
A paper researching the possibilities of using the fruit of Morinda coreia to make a liquid manure.
].

Other Uses

A dye obtained from the root bark is used for colouring linen and woollen goods[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. The bark of the root is used for dyeing items red or yellow[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. The morindone dye obtained from the root bark is sold under the trade name 'Suranji'. It is used for dyeing cotton, silk and wool in shades of red, chocolate or purple. The colouring matter is found principally in the root bark and is collected when the plants reach three to four years of age[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].

The fruit can be fermented with molasses to make a liquid manure[
445
Title
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology. Vol.12 No.3.
Publication
 
Author
Kantachote D.; Kowpong K.; Charernjiratrakul W.; Pengnoo A.
Website
http://www.ejbiotechnology.info/content/vol12/issue3/full/12/
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
A paper researching the possibilities of using the fruit of Morinda coreia to make a liquid manure.
].

The handsome wood can be red or yellow with red streaks[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is moderately hard, close-grained and durable[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is used for plates and dishes[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-08-08. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Morinda+coreia>

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