Morinda exserta Roxb.
Morinda pubescens Sm.
Morinda tinctoria Roxb.
Plant growing in native habitat
Photograph by: Forestowlet
Morinda coreia is an evergreen shrub or small tree that can grow from 5 - 10 metres tall. The bole is short and crooked[
The plant has been extensively cultivated in India for the dye obtained from the root bark. It is a popular medicinal plant in Thailand, where it is often gathered from the wild, and is also a local source of timber.
E. Asia - India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia.
Usually found in dry forests in India and Sri Lanka[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
The plant has been extensively used in Thai traditional medicine. In general, the core of wild forest noni (does this mean the trunk?[
]) has been used to treat menstrual disorders, as a tonic for stomach and blood stasis[
The fruit is rarely used medicinally because it has an unpleasant smell. However, it has been shown that the beverage produced by fermenting the fruits was able to inhibit enteropathogenic bacteria and also had a high amount of potassium[
A dye obtained from the root bark is used for colouring linen and woollen goods[
]. The bark of the root is used for dyeing items red or yellow[
]. The morindone dye obtained from the root bark is sold under the trade name 'Suranji'. It is used for dyeing cotton, silk and wool in shades of red, chocolate or purple. The colouring matter is found principally in the root bark and is collected when the plants reach three to four years of age[
The fruit can be fermented with molasses to make a liquid manure[
The handsome wood can be red or yellow with red streaks[
]. It is moderately hard, close-grained and durable[
]. It is used for plates and dishes[
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