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Useful Tropical Plants

Morinda chrysorhiza

(Thonn.) DC.

Rubiaceae


This name is not universally accepted. We are following the treatment in the 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families', but some other treatments, such as the African Plant Database[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
], use Morinda geminata DC., as the correct name[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Morinda batesii Wernham

Morinda geminata DC.

Psychotria chrysorhiza Thonn.

Common Name:

Morinda chrysorhiza
Ripening fruits
Photograph by: Marco Schmidt; African plants - A Photo Guide
© Marco Schmidt
Morinda chrysorhiza Morinda chrysorhiza Morinda chrysorhiza Morinda chrysorhiza Morinda chrysorhiza Morinda chrysorhiza

General Information

Morinda geminata is an evergreen shrub or a tree, sometimes multi-stemmed, that can grow up to 9 metres tall. The bole is 12 - 40cm in diameter[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
,
530
Title
Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
HMSO; London.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a range of articles on plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is a popular traditional medicine, especially for the treatment of fevers. It is harvested from the wild for this purpose, and also for its use as a dye plant and fuel. The leaves are sold in Freetown markets for medicinal use, whilst the tree is sometimes planted for its various uses near to houses in Sierra Leone[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
,
530
Title
Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
HMSO; London.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a range of articles on plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

530
Title
Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
HMSO; London.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a range of articles on plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

West tropical Africa - Senegal to Togo, also in Cameroon, Central African Republic and DR Congo.

Habitat

Rainforest, secondary rainforest and scrub[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height7.00 m
Cultivation StatusSemi-cultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details



The plant flowers throughout the year[
530
Title
Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
HMSO; London.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a range of articles on plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A decoction of the leaves is used as a purge, and is also bathed in when suffering from malaria[
530
Title
Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
HMSO; London.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a range of articles on plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
A decoction of the dried leaves is taken as a treatment for malaria[
530
Title
Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
HMSO; London.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a range of articles on plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Decoctions of either the root or the leaves are both used in the treatment of fevers, and are supposed to be particularly efficacious in cases of yellow fever[
530
Title
Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
HMSO; London.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a range of articles on plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

A decoction of the roots is given to weakly babies, and the babies are also washed in it to make them grow strong[
530
Title
Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
HMSO; London.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a range of articles on plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

The root bark is used to dye traditional cotton cloth bright orange-red and the bark is also chipped and added to indigo baths to promote fermentation and to produce darker blue colours[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
530
Title
Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
HMSO; London.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a range of articles on plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The yellow wood is hard and resistant. It is not used as a timber, but is used as a fuel[
530
Title
Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
HMSO; London.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a range of articles on plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-08-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Morinda+chrysorhiza>

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