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Useful Tropical Plants

Monstera adansonii

Schott

Araceae

+ Synonyms

Calla dracontium G.Mey.

Calla pertusa (L.) Kunth

Dracontium pertusum L.

Heteropsis ovata Miq.

Heteropsis surinamensis Miq.

Monstera brownii S.Moore

Monstera coriacea Engl.

Monstera crassifolia Schott

Monstera ecuadorensis Engl. & K.Krause

Monstera fenestrata Schott

Monstera friedrichsthalii Schott

Monstera gaudichaudii Schott

Monstera holtoniana Schott

Monstera imrayana Schott

Monstera jacquinii Schott

Monstera klotzschiana Schott

Monstera lanceifolia Schott

Monstera macrophylla Schott

Monstera milleriana Schott

Monstera modesta Schott

Monstera oblongifolia Schott

Monstera ovata (Miq.) Schott

Monstera parkeriana Schott

Monstera peckoltii K.Krause

Monstera pertusa (L.) de Vriese

Monstera pinnatifida Schott

Monstera poeppigii Schott

Monstera protensa Schott ex Engl.

Monstera seemannii Schott

Monstera surinamensis (Miq.) Schott

Monstera vellozoana Schott

Philodendron pertusum (L.) K.Koch & C.D.Bouché

Tornelia laniata Schott

Tornelia lindenii Schott ex Engl.

Common Name:

Monstera adansonii
Plant growing as an epiphyte on the trunk of a tree
Photograph by: David stang
Creative Commons License
Monstera adansonii Monstera adansonii Monstera adansonii Monstera adansonii

General Information

Monstera adansonii ia an evergreen, climbing, epiphytic plant producing stems 2 - 4 metres long, occasionally to 6 metres[
916
Title
Contributions from the Gray Herbarium Vol. 207
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Massachusets
Year
1977
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Monstera. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The seed germinates in the soil the plant creeping along the ground until it finds a woody plant that it can grow up - it then forms aerial roots and often loses the stem connection to its original roots[
916
Title
Contributions from the Gray Herbarium Vol. 207
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Massachusets
Year
1977
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Monstera. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is often grown as an ornamental, valued especially for its attractive, perforated leaves.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.

Known Hazards

The plant contains calcium oxalate crystals. This substance is toxic fresh and, if eaten, makes the mouth, tongue and throat feel as if hundreds of small needles are digging in to them. However, calcium oxalate is easily broken down either by thoroughly cooking the plant or by fully drying it and, in either of these states, it is safe to eat the plant. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones and hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].

Botanical References

916
Title
Contributions from the Gray Herbarium Vol. 207
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Massachusets
Year
1977
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Monstera. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Honduras; Caribbean - Trinidad, Leeward & Windward I

Habitat

An epiphyte, climbing on the trunks of trees in dense rain forest[
521
Title
Useful Plants of the Siona and Secoya Indians of Eastern Ecuador.
Publication
Fieldiana Botany New Series No. 15
Author
Vickers W.T.; Plowman T.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; USA.
Year
1984
ISBN
0015 - 0746
Description
Very terse, but it gives the uses of a large number of species. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Climber
Height4.00 m
PollinatorsBees, Insects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the lowland tropics, moist through the growing season, drier in the cool season[
710
Title
Tropical Flowering Plants. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation.
Publication
 
Author
Llamas K.A.
Publisher
Timber Press; Oregon.
Year
2003
ISBN
0-88192-585-3
Description
A terse guide for the gardener to almost 1,500 species of ornamental tropical plants with brief details on their cultivation and, usually, a small photograph of good quality.
]. Plants are surprisingly able to withstand light frosts with only slight damage to the leaves[
710
Title
Tropical Flowering Plants. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation.
Publication
 
Author
Llamas K.A.
Publisher
Timber Press; Oregon.
Year
2003
ISBN
0-88192-585-3
Description
A terse guide for the gardener to almost 1,500 species of ornamental tropical plants with brief details on their cultivation and, usually, a small photograph of good quality.
,
916
Title
Contributions from the Gray Herbarium Vol. 207
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Massachusets
Year
1977
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Monstera. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
Succeeds in the dappled shade of the woodland[
710
Title
Tropical Flowering Plants. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation.
Publication
 
Author
Llamas K.A.
Publisher
Timber Press; Oregon.
Year
2003
ISBN
0-88192-585-3
Description
A terse guide for the gardener to almost 1,500 species of ornamental tropical plants with brief details on their cultivation and, usually, a small photograph of good quality.
].
The plant forms two types of aerial roots from the nodes and internodes of the stems - one type grows down to the ground where it roots and is a source of moisture and nutrients, the other type is an anchor root, growing around the stem of the host plant[
916
Title
Contributions from the Gray Herbarium Vol. 207
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Massachusets
Year
1977
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Monstera. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
A very variable species, at times it has been subdivided into several different species though it has now been shown that these can all intergrade into each other[
916
Title
Contributions from the Gray Herbarium Vol. 207
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Massachusets
Year
1977
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Monstera. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The whole plant is used as a remedy for boils. A decoction of the crushed plant is applied topically[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
,
521
Title
Useful Plants of the Siona and Secoya Indians of Eastern Ecuador.
Publication
Fieldiana Botany New Series No. 15
Author
Vickers W.T.; Plowman T.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; USA.
Year
1984
ISBN
0015 - 0746
Description
Very terse, but it gives the uses of a large number of species. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The stem is used as a remedy for scorpion and snake bites[
916
Title
Contributions from the Gray Herbarium Vol. 207
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Massachusets
Year
1977
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Monstera. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The sap produces a burning sensation and is occasionally used to treat necrotic ulcers[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]

The leaves are used as a treatment for abcesses and pain[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-21. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Monstera+adansonii>

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