Calla dracontium G.Mey.
Calla pertusa (L.) Kunth
Dracontium pertusum L.
Heteropsis ovata Miq.
Heteropsis surinamensis Miq.
Monstera brownii S.Moore
Monstera coriacea Engl.
Monstera crassifolia Schott
Monstera ecuadorensis Engl. & K.Krause
Monstera fenestrata Schott
Monstera friedrichsthalii Schott
Monstera gaudichaudii Schott
Monstera holtoniana Schott
Monstera imrayana Schott
Monstera jacquinii Schott
Monstera klotzschiana Schott
Monstera lanceifolia Schott
Monstera macrophylla Schott
Monstera milleriana Schott
Monstera modesta Schott
Monstera oblongifolia Schott
Monstera ovata (Miq.) Schott
Monstera parkeriana Schott
Monstera peckoltii K.Krause
Monstera pertusa (L.) de Vriese
Monstera pinnatifida Schott
Monstera poeppigii Schott
Monstera protensa Schott ex Engl.
Monstera seemannii Schott
Monstera surinamensis (Miq.) Schott
Monstera vellozoana Schott
Philodendron pertusum (L.) K.Koch & C.D.Bouché
Tornelia laniata Schott
Tornelia lindenii Schott ex Engl.
Plant growing as an epiphyte on the trunk of a tree
Photograph by: David stang
Monstera adansonii ia an evergreen, climbing, epiphytic plant producing stems 2 - 4 metres long, occasionally to 6 metres[
]. The seed germinates in the soil the plant creeping along the ground until it finds a woody plant that it can grow up - it then forms aerial roots and often loses the stem connection to its original roots[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is often grown as an ornamental, valued especially for its attractive, perforated leaves.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
The plant contains calcium oxalate crystals. This substance is toxic fresh and, if eaten, makes the mouth, tongue and throat feel as if hundreds of small needles are digging in to them. However, calcium oxalate is easily broken down either by thoroughly cooking the plant or by fully drying it and, in either of these states, it is safe to eat the plant. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones and hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet[
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Honduras; Caribbean - Trinidad, Leeward & Windward I
An epiphyte, climbing on the trunks of trees in dense rain forest[
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
A plant of the lowland tropics, moist through the growing season, drier in the cool season[
]. Plants are surprisingly able to withstand light frosts with only slight damage to the leaves[
Succeeds in the dappled shade of the woodland[
The plant forms two types of aerial roots from the nodes and internodes of the stems - one type grows down to the ground where it roots and is a source of moisture and nutrients, the other type is an anchor root, growing around the stem of the host plant[
A very variable species, at times it has been subdivided into several different species though it has now been shown that these can all intergrade into each other[
The whole plant is used as a remedy for boils. A decoction of the crushed plant is applied topically[
The stem is used as a remedy for scorpion and snake bites[
The sap produces a burning sensation and is occasionally used to treat necrotic ulcers[
The leaves are used as a treatment for abcesses and pain[
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