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Useful Tropical Plants

Mitragyna speciosa

(Korth.) Havil.

Rubiaceae

+ Synonyms

Nauclea korthalsii Steud.

Nauclea luzoniensis Blanco

Nauclea speciosa (Korth.) Miq.

Stephegyne speciosa Korth.

Common Name:

Mitragyna speciosa
Young plant
Photograph by: Uomo vitruviano
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Mitragyna speciosa Mitragyna speciosa Mitragyna speciosa

General Information

Mitragyna speciosa is a large, briefly deciduous or evergreen tree, growing 10 - 30 metres tall with a bole 60 - 100cm in diameter[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The plant is often used medicinally in parts of southeast Asia, where it is also used as a substitute for opium[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. It is cultivated for its leaves in Thailand, Myanmar and Vietnam[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Known Hazards

The leaves are habit-forming, and extended use leads to anorexia, weight loss, darkened and dry skin, and in some cases even to psychosis[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. In Myanmar, the leaves are known to induce stupor when taken in case of an overdose[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Botanical References

446
Title
Flora of Thailand - Rubiaceae
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://homepage.univie.ac.at/christian.puff/FTH-RUB/FTH-RUB_HOME.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Part of the Flora of Thailand project.

Range

Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea.

Habitat

Open savannah and secondary forest, at low elevations[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. In Borneo, it is usually encountered in swamp and riverine forests which are periodically flooded, where it is one of the dominant species colonizing vegetation on old ox-bow riverbeds[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitSemi-deciduous Tree
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The leaves are commonly used medicinally within the plants natural range, and the plant is also cultivated outside its range in Myanmar and Vietnam[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Care should be exercised, however, since overdoses can cause vomiting and diarrhoea[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The leaves are habit-forming, and extended use leads to anorexia, weight loss, darkened and dry skin, and in some cases even to psychosis[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. In Myanmar, the leaves are known to induce stupor when taken in case of an overdose[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Mitragyna speciosa is well known for the presence of a series of (monoterpenoid) indole alkaloids, which are biochemically derived from the amino acid tryptophan. The best known compounds, isolated from the leaves, are mitragynine and mitraphylline. Besides indole alkaloids, several flavonoids have been isolated from the leaves, e.g. Apigenin, astragalin, cosmosin, hyperoside and also the polyphenols kaempferol, quercetin and rutin[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The pharmacological activities of mitragynine (one of the indole alkaloids) have been quite well investigated. Its pain-relieving activity, after oral administration at a dose of 200 mg/kg, was comparable to that of morphine administered at a dose of 5 mg/kg[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The mechanisms of the actions were evaluated using different opioid receptor antagonists. These results indicate that mitragynine can induce pain relief by acting in the brain. Mitragynine was 10 times less potent than morphine, and furthermore did not show any effect on the smooth muscle contraction induced by acetylcholine or histamine[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].


The leaves are considered to be locally anaesthetic, anthelmintic, hallucinogenic, hypotensive and stimulant[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
They have been used to treat a wide range of conditions including chronic cases of hypertension; diabetes mellitus; digestive disorders such as diarrhoea, dysentery or stomach-ache; and to expel worms from children[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Applied externally, the pounded leaves are used to poultice wounds[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The leaves, heated with those of Blumea balsamifera, Morinda citrifolia and Oroxylum indicum, are applied hot to an enlarged spleen[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The leaves can cause hallucinations and euphoria[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. They are chewed as a substitute for opium in some areas[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]. They are reputed to act as a stimulant to help one endure fatigue and go long periods without food[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. In addition to chewing the leaves or drinking the infusion, the residue may be dehydrated and smoked, or the syrup smoked in a pipe[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

The wood can be used for triplex and boxing[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-03-01. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Mitragyna+speciosa>

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