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Useful Tropical Plants

Millettia rhodantha

Baill.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Lonchocarpus multifolius Dunn

Common Name:

Millettia rhodantha
Flowers
Photograph by: Ehoarn Bidault
Creative Commons License
Millettia rhodantha Millettia rhodantha

General Information

Millettia rhodantha is a tree growing from 9 - 15 metres tall. The bole is often sinuous and low-branched, it can be 30 - 60cm in diameter[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
544
Title
Cataloge of African Plants Collected by Dr. Friedrich Welwitsch in 1853 - 1861
Publication
 
Author
Hiern. W.P.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Longmans & Co.; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
In 6 volumes, it gives botanical descriptions and some uses of the plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use and as a source of wood. The plant is sold for medicinal use in local markets.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

515
Title
Flora of Tropical Africa Vol 1 - 8
Publication
 
Author
Var
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
L.Reeve & Co.; Ashford, Kent.
Year
1868 - 1917
ISBN
 
Description
Very little information on habitat, range and uses, but gives good descriptions of the plants. It can be downloaded from the internet.

Range

West tropical Africa - Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana.

Habitat

Different types of lowland forest, including gallery forest and secondary formations; it can be common in places, or scattered; at elevations up to 500 metres[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height12.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Plants are tolerant of shade[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Seedlings may be found in the shade, but regeneration is probably most abundant in small gaps in the forest[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The flowers are sweetly scented[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
In some areas the plant produces seeds all year round[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark is chewed to treat coughs[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

A root decoction is taken against stomach-ache[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].


An aromatic powder known as 'Caseco' (or Caseque) is obtained from the quite dry trunks of this species and also of
Millettia gracilis. It is applied in the form of a tonic ointment in the treatment of nervous and rheumatic headaches, nearly always mixed with the powder of Pemba stone. Sticks of the Caseco drug are invariably supplied in the markets of the coast and also in the interior. It is not used as sawdust, but is ground to a very fine powder by carefully grating the wood over a rough stone[
544
Title
Cataloge of African Plants Collected by Dr. Friedrich Welwitsch in 1853 - 1861
Publication
 
Author
Hiern. W.P.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Longmans & Co.; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
In 6 volumes, it gives botanical descriptions and some uses of the plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

The wood is yellowish, hard and aromatic[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
484
Title
West African Forests and Forestry
Publication
 
Author
Unwin A.H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
T. Fisher Unwin Ltd.; London
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
Quite extensive information on some of the trees of West Africa. The book can be downloaded from the Internet
]. Dense, firm and durable, and has a pleasant aromatic odour[
544
Title
Cataloge of African Plants Collected by Dr. Friedrich Welwitsch in 1853 - 1861
Publication
 
Author
Hiern. W.P.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Longmans & Co.; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
In 6 volumes, it gives botanical descriptions and some uses of the plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The flexible branches are used in hut building[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed - usually germinates within 2 weeks of sowing[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
In experiments in Côte d’Ivoire, inoculation with Bradyrhizobium bacteria 1 month after sowing had a positive effect on plant height and stem diameter measured at 4 and 11 months after inoculation. At 11 months after inoculation, inoculated seedlings were 60cm tall, uninoculated ones only 30cm[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-10-21. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Millettia+rhodantha>

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