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Useful Tropical Plants

Melastoma saigonense

(Kuntze) Merr.

Melastomataceae

+ Synonyms

Osbeckia saigonensis Kuntze

Common Name:

Melastoma saigonense
Flowers
Photograph by: VanLap Hoàng
Creative Commons License

General Information

Melastoma saigonense is an evergreen shrub that can grow up to 3 metres tall[
1031
Title
Revision of the Southeast Asian Genus Melastoma (Melastomataceae)
Publication
Blumea 46 pp 351 - 398
Author
Meyer K.
Publisher
 
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and food.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1031
Title
Revision of the Southeast Asian Genus Melastoma (Melastomataceae)
Publication
Blumea 46 pp 351 - 398
Author
Meyer K.
Publisher
 
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Southeast Asia - Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.

Habitat

On dry or swampy ground in open places, light forests, scrubs or grasslands; at elevations from sea level to 600 metres[
1031
Title
Revision of the Southeast Asian Genus Melastoma (Melastomataceae)
Publication
Blumea 46 pp 351 - 398
Author
Meyer K.
Publisher
 
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height2.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw. They need to be fully ripe, or else they can be astringent[
1031
Title
Revision of the Southeast Asian Genus Melastoma (Melastomataceae)
Publication
Blumea 46 pp 351 - 398
Author
Meyer K.
Publisher
 
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Eaten as a snack, they generally have a sweet flavour. The fruit is a fleshy capsule around 8 - 13mm long[
1031
Title
Revision of the Southeast Asian Genus Melastoma (Melastomataceae)
Publication
Blumea 46 pp 351 - 398
Author
Meyer K.
Publisher
 
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Medicinal

The roots, leaves, flowering tops or berries are astringent and are used in the treatment of conditions such as diarrhoea, leucorrhoea, and dysentery[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Externally, they can be used as a wash on cuts, wounds etc.

Melastoma species are rich in tannins of the hydrolysable type. Most of them are di- and trimers, with reported bactericidal and antiviral activities[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown fresh in a nursery seedbed, or in containers because of the small size of the seed. Germination is best in either full sun or in light shade[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-10-29. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Melastoma+saigonense>

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