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Useful Tropical Plants

Melanolepis multiglandulosa

(Reinw. ex Blume) Rchb. & Zoll.

Euphorbiaceae

+ Synonyms

Adelia monoica Blanco

Croton multiglandulosus Reinw. ex Blume

Mallotus angulatus (Miq.) Müll.Arg.

Mallotus calcosus (Miq.) Müll.Arg.

Mallotus hellwigianus K.Schum.

Mallotus hollrungianus K.Schum.

Mallotus moluccanus glabratus Müll.Arg.

Mallotus moluccanus pendulus Merr.

Mallotus multiglandulosus (Reinw. ex Blume) Hurus.

Melanolepis angulata Miq.

Melanolepis calcosa Miq.

Melanolepis moluccana Pax & K.Hoffm.

Ricinus dioicus Wall. ex Roxb.

Rottlera angulata (Miq.) Scheff.

Rottlera calcosa (Miq.) Scheff.

Rottlera multiglandulosa Reinw. ex Blume

Common Name:

Melanolepis multiglandulosa
Flowering branch
Photograph by: Wei-Chun ???? Chang ???
Creative Commons License
Melanolepis multiglandulosa Melanolepis multiglandulosa Melanolepis multiglandulosa

General Information

Melanolepis multiglandulosa is a usually evergreen shrub or a tree, though it can become deciduous in the dry season of monsoon climates. It usually grows 4 - 10 metres tall, though it can reach up to 20 metres, with a bole up to 30cm in diameter, exceptionally to 60cm[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine, a sweetener and source of materials. It is widely cultivated in Taiwan and the Ryukyu Islands (though this report does not specify why)[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).

Range

E. Asia - southernJapan, Taiwam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines to New Guinea, Bismarck, the Solomons and Marianas.

Habitat

Mainly secondary places like roadsides, regrowth thickets, depleted open forest, forest edges in savannah, coconut plantations, old gardens; also primary forest, swamp forest, monsoon forest, by mangroves; to 300 metres, occ to 1,335 metres[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height10.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


Often found in the wild on poorly drained and/or temporary inundated: alluvial sand, clay, vulcanic soil, coral (sand), red loam; Andesite bedrock[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
].
This species is considered to be monoecious, but usually inflorescences of only one sex can be found on any plant at any one time. It is not known whether both sexes can occur at the same time on the same plant or not[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
].
A distinct flowering or fruiting season is unknown; flowering and fruiting specimens may be encountered during the whole year[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
].
Leaves can be collected all year round, except in drier areas where the plants may be deciduous and leaves can only be collected in the wet season[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

The leaves are mixed with tapé (a product of fermented flour from cereals) to sweeten the taste of the tapé[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Medicinal

A decoction of the leaves, often in a mixture with other plants, is used as a vermifuge[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. A tea of the leaves is also used as a treatment for cough[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The crushed, dried leaves, mixed with cold water, are drunk to treat constipation, chest complaints and tuberculosis[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The leaves, sometimes in combination with ginger (Zingiber officinale), are used as a poultice as a remedy for different kinds of scurf[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The bark is taken as a tea in the treament of cough[
31
Title
Shade Plants for Garden and Woodland.
Publication
 
Author
Brown.
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
 
, ].

The bark, leaves, and flowers, either fresh or slightly heated, are applied to the skin as a sudorific in the treatment of chest pain and fever[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

Growing mainly in areas of secondary forest regrowth, and considered to be an invader of cut forest[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
], this species should be a good choice within its native range as a pioneer species when restoring native woodland and also for establishing woodland gardens[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Other Uses

The ashes of old leaves are used as an additive to tinder made from Arenga pinnata.
The ashes of old leaves have been used as an additive to Bixa orellana when dyeing[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
].

The wood is used for making shoes[
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
].
The wood makes good firewood[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
327
Title
Euphorbiaceae of Malesia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource that is still being developed, it gives detailed botanical descriptions of plants in the family Euphorbiaceae found growing in Malesia (the region from Peninsual Malaysia through Indonesia, the Philippines).
].

Propagation

Seed - it shows canopy-induced facultative dormancy, but it germinates readily under sunny conditions, completing germination within 5 weeks[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-19. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Melanolepis+multiglandulosa>

Comments

BEN TRONIAP 09th November 2016 0:39
This plant species is light demanding tree and regenerate very fast in a disturbed forest.This plant has a widespread distribution around Island of Nuigini especially in lowlands.One of its distinct characteristic is that colour of the wood changes when fleshy cut simmilar to those species under Rubiaceae family.

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