Adelia monoica Blanco
Croton multiglandulosus Reinw. ex Blume
Mallotus angulatus (Miq.) Müll.Arg.
Mallotus calcosus (Miq.) Müll.Arg.
Mallotus hellwigianus K.Schum.
Mallotus hollrungianus K.Schum.
Mallotus moluccanus glabratus Müll.Arg.
Mallotus moluccanus pendulus Merr.
Mallotus multiglandulosus (Reinw. ex Blume) Hurus.
Melanolepis angulata Miq.
Melanolepis calcosa Miq.
Melanolepis moluccana Pax & K.Hoffm.
Ricinus dioicus Wall. ex Roxb.
Rottlera angulata (Miq.) Scheff.
Rottlera calcosa (Miq.) Scheff.
Rottlera multiglandulosa Reinw. ex Blume
Melanolepis multiglandulosa is a usually evergreen shrub or a tree, though it can become deciduous in the dry season of monsoon climates. It usually grows 4 - 10 metres tall, though it can reach up to 20 metres, with a bole up to 30cm in diameter, exceptionally to 60cm[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine, a sweetener and source of materials. It is widely cultivated in Taiwan and the Ryukyu Islands (though this report does not specify why)[
E. Asia - southernJapan, Taiwam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines to New Guinea, Bismarck, the Solomons and Marianas.
Mainly secondary places like roadsides, regrowth thickets, depleted open forest, forest edges in savannah, coconut plantations, old gardens; also primary forest, swamp forest, monsoon forest, by mangroves; to 300 metres, occ to 1,335 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Often found in the wild on poorly drained and/or temporary inundated: alluvial sand, clay, vulcanic soil, coral (sand), red loam; Andesite bedrock[
This species is considered to be monoecious, but usually inflorescences of only one sex can be found on any plant at any one time. It is not known whether both sexes can occur at the same time on the same plant or not[
A distinct flowering or fruiting season is unknown; flowering and fruiting specimens may be encountered during the whole year[
Leaves can be collected all year round, except in drier areas where the plants may be deciduous and leaves can only be collected in the wet season[
The leaves are mixed with tapé (a product of fermented flour from cereals) to sweeten the taste of the tapé[
A decoction of the leaves, often in a mixture with other plants, is used as a vermifuge[
]. A tea of the leaves is also used as a treatment for cough[
]. The crushed, dried leaves, mixed with cold water, are drunk to treat constipation, chest complaints and tuberculosis[
The leaves, sometimes in combination with ginger (Zingiber officinale), are used as a poultice as a remedy for different kinds of scurf[
The bark is taken as a tea in the treament of cough[
The bark, leaves, and flowers, either fresh or slightly heated, are applied to the skin as a sudorific in the treatment of chest pain and fever[
Growing mainly in areas of secondary forest regrowth, and considered to be an invader of cut forest[
], this species should be a good choice within its native range as a pioneer species when restoring native woodland and also for establishing woodland gardens[
The ashes of old leaves are used as an additive to tinder made from Arenga pinnata.
The ashes of old leaves have been used as an additive to Bixa orellana when dyeing[
The wood is used for making shoes[
The wood makes good firewood[
Seed - it shows canopy-induced facultative dormancy, but it germinates readily under sunny conditions, completing germination within 5 weeks[
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