Bignonia stipulata (Wall.) Roxb.
Markhamia indica P.H.Hô
Spathodea stipulata Wall.
Spathodea velutina Kurz
Markhamia stipulata is a usually deciduous, but occasionally evergreen tree growing 15 - 25 metres tall. The upright, cylindrical bole can be 60 - 80cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and timber, The young shoots are sold as a vegetable in the local markets of Laos[
]. The plant is grown as a pioneer species in reforestation projects in Thailand[
E. Asia - southern China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand.
Sparse forests and humid places at elevations from 300 - 1,700 metres in southern China[
]. Growing in evergreen forest on limestone mountains, mixed with Aglaia gigantea, Cinnamomum obtusiflorum, and Dracontomelon dao[
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Young shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable[
Flowers - used as a fresh vegetable[
The tree is planted as a pioneer species in northern Thailand in reforestation projects to restore native woodland - it is planted in degraded woodland and open areas in a mix with various other species that all have the ability to grow fast; produce dense, weed-suppressing crowns; and attract seed-dispersing wildlife, particularly birds and bats[
The wood is hard, heavy and resistant to insects, especially termites[
]. It is used for construction and the manufacture of valuable furniture[
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