Kaukenia hexandra (Roxb.) Kuntze
Manilkara emarginata H.J.Lam
Mimusops hexandra Roxb.
Common Name: Khirni
Khirni is a shrub or tree, growing from 3 - 12 metres tall.
The plant is harvested from the wild, mainly for local use of its edible fruit. It is sometimes cultivated in the tropics and subtropics for this fruit[
E. Asia - China, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam.
Thickets at low elevations in southern China[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Prefers a well-drained soil and a pH in the range 6 - 7[
The fruit can be eaten fresh or dried[
]. A sweet flavour, but somewhat astringent[
A pale yellow oil, known as rayan oil, is obtained from the seed kernels[
]. The seeds contain 25% oil[
The bark is added to palm sugar to inhibit fermentation[
The seeds are of medicinal value[
This species is often used as a rootstock for the sapodilla (M. zapota) in India[
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