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Useful Tropical Plants

Mangifera sylvatica

Roxb.

Anacardiaceae

+ Synonyms

Mangifera khasiana Pierre

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Mangifera sylvatica is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 45 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be free of branches for up to 15 metres and up to 100cm in diameter[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of wood - the wood is also traded[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.

Range

E. Asia - China, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Habitat

In dense, evergreen primary forests and also in more open secondary formations, growing on hillsides at elevations up to 1,000 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height25.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

The small fruits are edible with a sweet and sour taste[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The layer of pulp is rather thin[
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
]. The unripe fruit is pleasantly aromatic and is used for making tarts, pickles and jellies[
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
]. The yellow fruit is an ovoid drupe, beaked, smaller than the common mango containing a single, large seed[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Medicinal

The dried fruit is used medicinally[
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
].

Other Uses

The wood is a source of 'machang' timber[
895
Title
Timber Notes - Light Hardwoods II
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 10
Author
Gan K.S.; Lim S.C.; Choo K.T.
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia
Year
1998
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to five lesser known groups of light hardwoods from southeast Asia. It is available in PDF format on the Internet.
]. We do not have a specific description for the wood of this speices, but a general description of machang timber is as follows:-
The heartwood is light brown or light grey brown, occasionally with chocolate or black streaky coreword; it is not clearly differentiated from the wide band of sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse to coarse and even; the grain interlocked and wavy. The wood is moderately heavy to heavy; moderately hard; not durable under exposed conditions, being susceptible to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. The wood seasons somewhat rapidly with only a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. It can be worked with ordinary tools, there is a slight difficulty resawing when green, but is easy when dry; planing is easy but the surface produced is moderately smooth with grain pick-up on the radial side; nailing and screwing is excellent; gluing is correct. The wood is suitable for light construction, turnery, flooring, interior panelling, boxes, crates, pallets and plywood manufacture[
895
Title
Timber Notes - Light Hardwoods II
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 10
Author
Gan K.S.; Lim S.C.; Choo K.T.
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia
Year
1998
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to five lesser known groups of light hardwoods from southeast Asia. It is available in PDF format on the Internet.
]. Corewood can be used for decorative veneer production[
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
,
895
Title
Timber Notes - Light Hardwoods II
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 10
Author
Gan K.S.; Lim S.C.; Choo K.T.
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia
Year
1998
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to five lesser known groups of light hardwoods from southeast Asia. It is available in PDF format on the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-07-20. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Mangifera+sylvatica>

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