Mangifera superba is a very shortly deciduous tree with an open crown of very thick branches that form many subcrowns; it can grow up to 30 metres tall[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of wood. The fruit is traded in local markets, whilst the wood is also traded. The tree is sometimes cultivated as a fruit crop[
This is one of the most threatened mango species. A large part of the habitat has been lost through clearance for agriculture, especially for large-scale cash crops. The plant is classified as 'Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
Southeast Asia - Malaysia, ?Indonesia.
Lowland evergreen forest, usually along rivers[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Fruit - raw. The rather acid pulp is greyish-white to pinkish with an unpleasant (for some people) smell of rotting apples[
]. The ellipsoid to obovate-oblong fruit is up to 130mm long and 70 - 85mm wide, enclosing a single, large seed[
The wood is a source of 'machang' timber[
]. We do not have a specific description for the wood of this speices, but a general description of machang timber is as follows:-
The heartwood is light brown or light grey brown, occasionally with chocolate or black streaky coreword; it is not clearly differentiated from the wide band of sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse to coarse and even; the grain interlocked and wavy. The wood is moderately heavy to heavy; moderately hard; not durable under exposed conditions, being susceptible to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. The wood seasons somewhat rapidly with only a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. It can be worked with ordinary tools, there is a slight difficulty resawing when green, but is easy when dry; planing is easy but the surface produced is moderately smooth with grain pick-up on the radial side; nailing and screwing is excellent; gluing is correct. The wood is suitable for light construction, turnery, flooring, interior panelling, boxes, crates, pallets and plywood manufacture[
]. Corewood can be used for decorative veneer production[
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