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Useful Tropical Plants

Mangifera foetida

Lour.

Anacardiaceae

+ Synonyms

Mangifera horsfieldii Miq.

Mangifera leschenaultii March.

Common Name: Bachang

Mangifera foetida
Fruits
Photograph by: Wie146
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0
Mangifera foetida Mangifera foetida Mangifera foetida Mangifera foetida

General Information

Bachang is densely-crowned, deciduous tree with a dense, globose crown of massive branches; it usually grows up to 20 metres tall, though specimens 30 - 40 metres tall have been recorded. The long, very straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 100cm in diameter and is free of buttresses[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a foo, medicine and source of wood and dyestuff. It is widely cultivated for fruit in its area of origin[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. The tree has upright inflorescences and looks particularly beautiful when flowering[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

The sap of the tree is an irritant[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
The fresh fruit contains an irritant juice which may inflame the lips and mouth[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. At maturity the irritant juice is restricted to the skin of the fruit[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.

Range

E. Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia to New Guinea.

Habitat

An upper canopy tree in primary lowland forest in the wet tropics, at elevations ascending to 1,500 metres[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. Usually growing on hillsides and ridges on sandy soils[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height25.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the hot, moist tropical lowlands, adapted to areas with abundant rainfall, evenly distributed over the year[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. It can be cultivated in areas with a monsoon climate[
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
,
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
]. Succeeds at elevations up to 1,000 metres, occasionally to 1,500 metres[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
Young plants are tolerant of quite deep shade but later on also grow well in full light[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
Different forms of the fruit are recognized by local people. Small, almost globose fruits (e.g. 'limus piit' in West Java) are consistently distinguished from large and more oblong ones which are commonly sold in Malay markets[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. There is also another kind, with large, oblong fruits, remarkable for being hardly fibrous, and finer textured[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. In West Java, it is called 'limus tipung' ('tipung' meaning flour, referring to its fine texture). A similar kind ('asem linggau') was found in East Kalimantan, with, moreover, a large proportion of fruit having abortive seeds. Sizeable variability in fruit characters is recorded in Borneo, particularly in South Kalimantan[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw or cooked[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. The fruit contains an irritant juice which may inflame the lips and mouth - when the fruit is fully ripe the irritant juice is restricted to the skin, so the flesh can be eaten fresh if it is peeled fairly thickly[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. A sweet and tasty fruit, in spite of its strong turpentine smell, and the taste is sometimes likened to durian. Much liked by some, though it is not generally valued as a table fruit[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
].
The unripe fruits, washed in salted water and then sliced, are used in vegetable salads ( known as 'rujak') and in a sour pickle ('asinan')[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. The fruit can be used in place of tamarind (Tamarindus indicus) as an acid ingredient in the preparation of sambal[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
The fruit is variable in size and shape, an obliquely ovoid-oblong or almost globose drupe, 9 - 14cm and 7 - 12cm wide, containing a single, large seed[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

The grated seed, with the addition of oncom (Monilia fermented soybean), sugar, tersai (fermented fish) and salt is used to make a sambal known as 'pelok limus'[
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
].

Medicinal

The leaves are said to be antipyretic[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

The seeds are used against trichophytosis, scabies and eczema[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Although the sap irritates the skin, it is used as a lotion to treat ulcers[
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
].

Other Uses

The plant has proved to be a suitable rootstock for cultivars of mango (M. indica) in a moist climate[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. Some growers doubt this because of swellings at the union[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

The sap is used in tatooing[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
]. It i used to deepen tattoo scars[
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
].

The wood is a source of 'machang' timber[
895
Title
Timber Notes - Light Hardwoods II
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 10
Author
Gan K.S.; Lim S.C.; Choo K.T.
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia
Year
1998
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to five lesser known groups of light hardwoods from southeast Asia. It is available in PDF format on the Internet.
]. We do not have a specific description for the wood of this speices, but a general description of machang timber is as follows:-
The heartwood is light brown or light grey brown, occasionally with chocolate or black streaky coreword; it is not clearly differentiated from the wide band of sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse to coarse and even; the grain interlocked and wavy. The wood is moderately heavy to heavy; moderately hard; not durable under exposed conditions, being susceptible to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. The wood seasons somewhat rapidly with only a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. It can be worked with ordinary tools, there is a slight difficulty resawing when green, but is easy when dry; planing is easy but the surface produced is moderately smooth with grain pick-up on the radial side; nailing and screwing is excellent; gluing is correct. The wood is suitable for light construction, turnery, flooring, interior panelling, boxes, crates, pallets and plywood manufacture[
895
Title
Timber Notes - Light Hardwoods II
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 10
Author
Gan K.S.; Lim S.C.; Choo K.T.
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia
Year
1998
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to five lesser known groups of light hardwoods from southeast Asia. It is available in PDF format on the Internet.
]. Corewood can be used for decorative veneer production[
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
,
895
Title
Timber Notes - Light Hardwoods II
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 10
Author
Gan K.S.; Lim S.C.; Choo K.T.
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia
Year
1998
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to five lesser known groups of light hardwoods from southeast Asia. It is available in PDF format on the Internet.
]. The streaked heartwood is suitable for the manufacture of furniture[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Propagation

Seed. Seedlings require much moisture and light shade[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. The tree breeds true from seed[
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
].

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