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Useful Tropical Plants

Magnolia splendens

Urb.

Magnoliaceae


Results of DNA analysis in various studies (see, for example, R.B. Figlar & H.P. Nooteboom, Blumea 49: 87-100. 2004) have supported the concept that the various genera comprising the subfamily Magnolioideae would be more consistently treated as a single genus, Magnolia. This is the treatment followed here, though it is still not universally accepted[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Dugandiodendron splendens (Urb.) Sima & S.G.Lu

Talauma splendens (Urb.) McLaughlin

Common Name:

Magnolia splendens
Trunk of the tree
Photograph by: mkyu91
Creative Commons License

General Information

Magnolia splendens is an evergreen tree with a narrow crown; it can grow up to 23 metres tall. The bole can be 120cm or more in diameter[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
The tree yields an attractive and high quality timber and is widely harvested from the wild for local use. It is possibly suitable as an ornamental[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
This species has not been evaluated in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. However, it is only found in the mountains of Porto Rico, growing in a forest where the growth rate is very slow. The larger trees of the forest are undoubtedly many centuries old. This, plus the fact that propagation for planting elsewhere is difficult because most seeds apparently are sterile, greatly limits the future of this tree. The species will always be preserved within a formally established natural area within the Luquillo Forest, and young trees are being encouraged wherever they appear naturally. Nevertheless, in most areas the old overmature trees are being cut down more rapidly than they are being replaced by nature[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Caribbean - Puerto Rico.

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height18.00 m
Growth RateSlow
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



The dark green foliage has a spicy aroma[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
Laurel sabino is native to an area where tree growth is so slow that production of the timber is not economical. The average trunk diameter growth rate of 46 trees in the natural forest during a 5-year period was only 1.5mm per year[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Edible Uses

The leaves are used as a flavouring in food in much the same way as bay leaves (Laurus nobilis)[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
,
567
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 8
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Government Printing Office; Washington.
Year
1905
ISBN
 
Description
Includes an article on the economic plants of Puerto Rico. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The heartwood is a very attractive olive green when freshly cut, later becoming brown - growth rings and dark streaks add to the figure; it is demarcated from the whitish sapwood. The wood is moderately heavy; hard; moderately strong; with a characteristic spicy pungent odour. It is easy to work, but susceptible to attack by dry-wood termites. Rate of air-seasoning is rapid, and amount of degrade is minor. Planing and sanding are fair; shaping, turning, boring, mortising, and resistance to screw splitting all are good. The wood is used almost entirely for furniture and cabinetwork. Local demand is greater than the limited supply. Other suitable uses are for veneer, plywood, millwork, turning, boat planking, construction, and carpentry[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-06-19. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Magnolia+splendens>

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