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Useful Tropical Plants

Magnolia iltisiana

Vazquez

Magnoliaceae


Results of DNA analysis in various studies (see, for example, R.B. Figlar & H.P. Nooteboom, Blumea 49: 87-100. 2004) have supported the concept that the various genera comprising the subfamily Magnolioideae would be more consistently treated as a single genus, Magnolia. This is the treatment followed here, though it is still not universally accepted[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Magnolia iltisiana
Fruit and leaves
Photograph by: A. Gentry
Creative Commons License

General Information

Magnolia iltisiana is a tree usually growing 20 - 40 metres tall, exceptionally to 45 metres. The bole can be 60 - 150cm in diameter[
875
Title
The Red List of Mexican Cloud Forest Trees
Publication
 
Author
Editors González-Espinosa M., et al.
Website
http://www.globaltrees.org
Publisher
Fauna and Flora International; Cambridge, UK.
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
Available to download from the Internet in PDF format, this publication gives some basic information on the trees of the Mexican Cloud Forests, focussing on their conservation status, but also with a description, habitat, some uses etc.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood.
The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

C. America - southern Mexico.

Habitat

Locally abundant in moist, sub-deciduous cloud forest, mostly in ravines, at elevations from 800 - 2,440 metres[
875
Title
The Red List of Mexican Cloud Forest Trees
Publication
 
Author
Editors González-Espinosa M., et al.
Website
http://www.globaltrees.org
Publisher
Fauna and Flora International; Cambridge, UK.
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
Available to download from the Internet in PDF format, this publication gives some basic information on the trees of the Mexican Cloud Forests, focussing on their conservation status, but also with a description, habitat, some uses etc.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height30.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Some uses in folk medicine are reported, though the parts used are not stated. It is thought to strengthen the heart and is also used as a remedy for high blood pressure[
875
Title
The Red List of Mexican Cloud Forest Trees
Publication
 
Author
Editors González-Espinosa M., et al.
Website
http://www.globaltrees.org
Publisher
Fauna and Flora International; Cambridge, UK.
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
Available to download from the Internet in PDF format, this publication gives some basic information on the trees of the Mexican Cloud Forests, focussing on their conservation status, but also with a description, habitat, some uses etc.
].

Other Uses

The timber is valued for furniture[
875
Title
The Red List of Mexican Cloud Forest Trees
Publication
 
Author
Editors González-Espinosa M., et al.
Website
http://www.globaltrees.org
Publisher
Fauna and Flora International; Cambridge, UK.
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
Available to download from the Internet in PDF format, this publication gives some basic information on the trees of the Mexican Cloud Forests, focussing on their conservation status, but also with a description, habitat, some uses etc.
].
The tree is used as a source of firewood[
875
Title
The Red List of Mexican Cloud Forest Trees
Publication
 
Author
Editors González-Espinosa M., et al.
Website
http://www.globaltrees.org
Publisher
Fauna and Flora International; Cambridge, UK.
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
Available to download from the Internet in PDF format, this publication gives some basic information on the trees of the Mexican Cloud Forests, focussing on their conservation status, but also with a description, habitat, some uses etc.
].
We do not have any more information on the wood of this species, but a general description of the wood for members of this genus growing in Central America and the Caribbean is as follows:-
The heartwood is olive-green when freshly cut, becoming light yellowish-brown to greenish-brown sometimes with a purplish tinge upon exposure, purple, dark brown, or nearly black streaks are common; the wide band of sapwood is white to greenish when first cut, darkening somewhat on exposure. The texture is fine and uniform; the grain straight to interlocked; lustre is low to moderate; there is no distinctive odour or taste. The heartwood is rated durable to highly durable with respect to deterioration by both white-rot and brown-rot fungi, but vulnerable to dry-wood termite attack. The wood is easy to air season, drying rapidly with no or slight warp and checking. It saws and machines easily, however in planing there may be considerable tearing where grain is irregular. It is used for utility veneer and plywood, millwork, furniture and cabinet work, general interior and exterior construction, boat planking, and turnery[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Propagation

Seed - The plant has several mechanisms of seed dormancy; a successful treatment includes removal of the seed pulp cover after maceration[
875
Title
The Red List of Mexican Cloud Forest Trees
Publication
 
Author
Editors González-Espinosa M., et al.
Website
http://www.globaltrees.org
Publisher
Fauna and Flora International; Cambridge, UK.
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
Available to download from the Internet in PDF format, this publication gives some basic information on the trees of the Mexican Cloud Forests, focussing on their conservation status, but also with a description, habitat, some uses etc.
].

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