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Useful Tropical Plants

Macrolobium bifolium

(Aubl.) Pers.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Macrolobium elegans Miq.

Macrolobium hymenaeoides Willd.

Macrolobium stamineum G.Mey.

Macrolobium vuapa J.F.Gmel.

Vouapa bifolia Aubl.

Vouapa staminea (G.Mey.) DC.

Vuapa bifolia (Aubl.) J.St.Hilaire

Common Name:

Macrolobium bifolium
Drawing of the leaves, flowers and seedpods
Photograph by: Aublet, F. , Histoire des plantes de la Guiane Franc?oise, vol. 3: t. 7 (1775)
Creative Commons License

General Information

Macrolobium bifolium is a deciduous tree with a large, dense, roundish crown; it can grow 5 - 10 metres tall[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. The bole can be unbranched for more than half its height and up to 35cm in diameter[
492
Title
Timbers of British Guiana
Publication
 
Author
Stone H.: Freeman W.G.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
The Crown Agents for the Colonies: London.
Year
1914
ISBN
 
Description
A guide to the woods of Guiana, though there is no description of the plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas.

Habitat

Rainforests and gallery forests, most commonly in the more open, secondary formations, usually in areas subject to seasonal inundation; favouring moist to swampy, fertile soils near rivers and also found in white sand beaches on river margins[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height7.50 m
Growth RateMedium
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Succeeds in full sun to moderate shade[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Prefers a moist to wet, fertile soil[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Young plants have a moderate rate of growth[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark has medicinal properties[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is light red; it is sharply demarcated from the about 5cm wide band of dirty pinkish-grey sapwood. Texture is medium to coarse; the grain straight. The wood is moderately heavy, soft, and of low durability. It is easy to work, with moderate mechanical properties; has a tendency to split and so takes nails badly; planes easily but badly; polishes moderately well. It is only used locally for purposes such as general construction, making boxes, tool handles etc[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
,
492
Title
Timbers of British Guiana
Publication
 
Author
Stone H.: Freeman W.G.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
The Crown Agents for the Colonies: London.
Year
1914
ISBN
 
Description
A guide to the woods of Guiana, though there is no description of the plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The wood is used for fuel and to make charcoal[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in individual containers. A high germination rate can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 30 - 40 days[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

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