Drepanocarpus ovalifolius Pittier
Drepanocarpus venezuelensis Pittier
Machaerium decorticans Ducke
Machaerium fagifolium Klotzsch
Machaerium longistipitatum Pittier
Machaerium rosescens Standl.
Machaerium venezuelense (Pittier) Hoehne
Machaerium woodworthii Standl.
Machaerium floribundum is a thorny, scrambling or climbing, evergreen shrub, or a tree, usually growing from 6 - 40 metres tall and often reaching up into the canopy of tall trees. The bole can be 8 - 30cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana; C. America - Panama to southern Mexico.
Swamp forest and along the sides of rivers; at elevations from sea level to 800 metres, occasionally to 1,200 metres[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The sap is used as a medicinal wash[
The inner bark has an abundant dark red exudate[
]. The exudate is used in the treatment of diarrheoa, haemorrhage and thrush[
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