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Useful Tropical Plants

Machaerium floribundum

Benth.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Drepanocarpus ovalifolius Pittier

Drepanocarpus venezuelensis Pittier

Machaerium decorticans Ducke

Machaerium fagifolium Klotzsch

Machaerium longistipitatum Pittier

Machaerium rosescens Standl.

Machaerium venezuelense (Pittier) Hoehne

Machaerium woodworthii Standl.

Common Name:

Machaerium floribundum
Leaf
Photograph by: Cynthia Lane
Creative Commons License
Machaerium floribundum Machaerium floribundum Machaerium floribundum

General Information

Machaerium floribundum is a thorny, scrambling or climbing, evergreen shrub, often reaching up into the canopy of tall trees[
501
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 20
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Smithsonian Institute; Washington.
Year
1925
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it includes a monograph on the American species of the genus Rinorea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana; C. America - Panama to southern Mexico.

Habitat

Swamp forest and along the sides of rivers, at low elevations[
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
,
955
Title
Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden Vol. 10
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
New York Botanical Garden; New York.
Year
1958
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal this volume looks mainly at the flora of the Guayana Highlands. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Climber
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The sap is used as a medicinal wash[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The inner bark has an abundant dark red exudate[
955
Title
Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden Vol. 10
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
New York Botanical Garden; New York.
Year
1958
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal this volume looks mainly at the flora of the Guayana Highlands. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The exudate is used in the treatment of diarrheoa, haemorrhage and thrush[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -

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