Macaranga quinquelobata Beille
Mappa heterophylla Müll.Arg.
Tanarius heterophyllus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze
Macaranga heterophylla is a shrub or a tree that can grow up to 10 metres tall. The twigs and stems are covered with stout, woody spines[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It has potential for use as a pioneer when restoring native woodland.
West tropical Africa - Senegal to Benin.
A pioneer species found mainly in the more open secondary forest growth in wet localities and riverine forest[
]. Swampy places; humid secondary formations; mountain ridges or slopes; secondary regrowths; beside rivers; to 1,200 metres[
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A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
The ash from the burnt stem and branches is used as vegetable salt[
Various parts of the plant are used as a purgative[
The plant (part not specified) is used to treat snakebites[
The root is abortifacient and emmenagogue[
]. A root decoction is taken to treat amenorrhoea, it is said to have a very rapid effect[
A bark decoction is taken and used in a bath to treat cough[
A decoction of young leaves is taken to treat gonorrhoea[
A natural pioneer species found in the wild in forest gaps[
], it has potential for use in reforestation projects for restoring native woodland, and possible also for establishing woodland gardens within its native range[
The tree exudes a yellow translucent gum when cut[
]. No uses are mentioned.
The wood is light in weight and soft[
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